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Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle in English-speaking and Chinese Cultures

Author: HeYuanXiu
Tutor: LiuJiaRong
School: Southwest China Normal
Course: English Language and Literature
Keywords: Politeness Principle English and Chinese Culture Principles of cooperation Comparative study Modesty Maxim Quality guidelines Politeness Phenomena English and Chinese Cultural value orientation Take the middle course
CLC: H03
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2002
Downloads: 1636
Quote: 4
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Abstract


The cooperative principle and politeness principle the Pragmatics is used to explain the statements were made within the meaning and implication of the two noodles important principle. But the cultural value orientation, the pragmatic principle of trade-offs and their relationship will be very different, it is necessary to carry out a comparative study of the two cultures, not only to expand the field of comparative studies, can also contribute to the appropriateness of the use of language to improve intercultural communicative competence. Therefore, on the principles of cooperation, politeness principle a more systematic, comprehensive English-Chinese cultural comparison, found that more Chinese people to comply with the politeness principle, especially derogatory modesty guidelines have respect for people, passion guidelines and violation of the principles of cooperation. This paper is divided into four chapters. The first chapter reviews the comparative study of the two principles of Chinese scholars pointed out that the lack of research, and the purpose and significance of this study. Chapter II comparative study of the principles of cooperation in the trade-offs and cultural background in English and Chinese culture, which focuses on the cultural heritage of the Chinese people more uncooperative, including five aspects. First, the Chinese culture is high-context cultures, many languages, being attached to the field of knowledge or communicative context of communication known. The many semantics can only sense, can not be explained. Second, China's thousands of years of loyalty - filial piety \Chinese people often see themselves as belonging to the family unit, is also the country's children. Everyone to always, everything, everywhere to consider their own behavior is in compliance with the ancestral own level, to be \Three criteria: the number of criteria - to take the middle course, the pursuit of \information; quality guidelines - out of scruples, do not say dig the truth of the heart; way criteria - often evasive, twists and turns vague, possession Iv [Ope. tiveh to cut cp7e andand Where 7ttene. A. The clp Tam plus the E gun Huoer Spethe. Jo cut. e Cururrur. Head exposed tail. Hierarchical social system in China for thousands of years to the use of language marked a deep imprint, talking to both sides in the amount of information given on inequality. Fourth, China is an ancient civilization, people pay attention to etiquette, they often speak of duplicity, thereby sacrificing the quality criteria of the principles of cooperation. Fifth, the structure of the Chinese language and loose, prone to ambiguity, making it easier to violate manner guidelines. Chapter III comparative study of the similarities and differences between English and Chinese politeness principle. Courtesy of English and Chinese phenomenon and Ridge and Gu Yueguo politeness principle first comprehensive comparative analysis, pointed out their similarities and differences, and the return of politeness principle focus on care amendment and supplement of the tentative politeness principle from the original The five criteria into six criteria, it perfectly captures courtesy phenomenon and politeness characteristic. Then, this chapter and the outside to the inside to explore the deep cultural values ??of the different principles of politeness. Found that Western cultural emphasis on freedom, equality, respect for privacy and Chinese cultural emphasis on the level of differential order, respect for the Confucian Confucius \Chapter IV concludes the paper. Pointed out that the trade-offs of cooperative principle and politeness principle in English and Chinese culture, Chinese people and their mutual relations: Chinese people are not absolutely uncooperative, more to uncooperative; Chinese and Anglo-American people are polite, not just expression; than more than comply with the politeness principle, is demoted has respect for modesty guidelines.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Linguistics > Semantics,pragmatics,lexicology, meaning school
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