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Game Analysis on China’s Wooden Forest Products Trade and Environmental Protection Policy

Author: SunHongFang
Tutor: ShenWenXing
School: Nanjing Forestry University
Course: Forestry Economics and Management
Keywords: Wood forest products Trading Environmental Protection Game Analysis
CLC: F752.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 470
Quote: 5
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Abstract


With the countries open economy continues to develop, and gradually expand the scale of the global economy, an increasing number of non-sustainable production and consumption activities gradually beyond the capacity of the natural environment, leading to the degradation of the global environment, and even in the local area performance and areas of serious environmental pollution and ecological greatly damaged, and eventually gave rise to environmental problems. The complexity of the relationship between wood forest products trade and environmental protection, both both mutual promotion and mutual conflict. From the the ideal level point of view, the two should be mutually reinforcing, that with the advent of economic globalization, all countries can trade freely to seek economic development, so that the forest resources are fully configure and use of trade support economic development and growth but also to countries to provide more income to improve and protect the environment. Trade above the higher level of environmental protection should be more liberal, but from a realistic level point of view, the two are in conflict with each other. Trade liberalization may have been inappropriate development and utilization of the forest resources, causing environmental pollution and destruction, triggering a new round of environmental crisis; for environmental protection and necessary to limit or control certain forest products trade. Relations of trade in forest products and environmental protection at the end of the last century has given rise to the common concern of all countries, but we must not matter-. The conflict between the trade in forest products and environmental protection can not be separated from the world today unequal international economic order such a background, can not do without such a reality. Determine both the unity of the environment with the ultimate goal of the trade can be coordinated. Sustainable development has become a consensus, the context of the globalization of trade and environment issues, combined with China's national conditions, Lin Situations wood forest products trade relationship with the environment has become a hot topic in the current trade in forest products research. This article on the basis of previous studies, analysis and discussion Chinese wood forest products trade and environment issues. The paper uses the theory of international trade theory, environmental economics, game theory, and the status of the timber forest products trade, system analysis, empirical analysis and normative analysis combined as well as a combination of literature review and field survey methods that wood forest products game between trade and environment issues fundamental reason is that the competitive use of forest resources and environmental costs of externalities. And to analyze the process of forest resource use and the use of a variety of game relationship, I think the innovation of the economic system of forestry, the perfection of the system of laws and regulations of the trade in forest products, as well as forestry enterprise technical innovation and management level improvement has help-wood forest products trade with the harmonious development of the environment, these policy recommendations can provide reference to China wood forest products trade and environmental protection policies. The paper mainly discussed from the following aspects: First, from an economic point of view, the analysis of the root causes of environmental problems, discusses the competitive use of environmental functions, as well as market failure and government failure so that the price does not reflect the true value of the forest resources, deviate from its social costs. In this regard, the forest resources reasonable pricing and definition of forest resources property rights and other methods is an effective way to solve the environmental cost internalization. Second, we use game theory of multiple relationships between wood forest products trade and environmental protection game. First, forest resources are public resources to a certain extent, and so lead to the \cause environmental pollution in the process of being used, and these are causing environmental damage, it is necessary to regulate, develop sewage charges, allocation of property rights, emissions trading, and the corresponding measures; again, in addition to the domestic use of forest resources, rational use of foreign resources. , but in the process of using the Game of tariff barriers and non-tariff barriers of trade between nations. Compared to developing countries like China and developed countries, in the technical aspects are relatively weaker, so break down foreign trade barriers and regulations should be strengthened to encourage technological innovation, and actively carry out forest certification. In short, the forestry economic policy and environmental protection, between environmental protection policies and trade in forest products should be coordinated before to promote the healthy development of the forest products foreign trade, but also to promote environmental protection. If the lack of coordination between the two even disjointed, can lead to the opposite result. From forestry reform, legal policy, the forestry enterprise technology innovation, green trade barriers, international cooperation to promote the coordinated development of our wood forest products trade and the environment, to put forward new ideas to promote the coordinated development of the China's wood forest products trade and environment.

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