Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Cross Cultural Adaptation among International Students in P.R.C. Institutions of Higher Education

Author: ZhuGuoHui
Tutor: XieAnBang;XuMeiDe
School: East China Normal University
Course: Higher Education
Keywords: international students in China cross cultural adaptation psychological adaptation sociocultural adaptation academic adaptation
CLC: G648.9
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 840
Quote: 2
Read: Download Dissertation

Executive Summary


Culture, created and fostered by the humankind, exerts influence on the individual’s psychology and behavior in different societies and differentiates the humankind from other creatures. The transition from the culture of origin to the host culture represents a separation from the patterns and norms associated with the culture of origin which results in the psychological anxiety and improper behavior. The patterns of culture can be internalized and developed by the creative humankind. Thus, the transition between the home and host culture appears, the process in which and the result from which the individual adjusts their psychology and acquires the patterns of the host culture constitute cross cultural adaptation. As the popular cross cultural sojourners, when traveling to the host country, international students experience the same process of cross cultural adaptation as other cross cultural sojourners. However, the dual roles as "foreigners" and "students" bring different features to the process of cross cultural adaptation experienced by the international students. The different features are:first, their unique status is temporary sojourning and returning to their culture of origin is anticipated. Second, they experience special problems including the identity conflict related to the transition from the late adolescence to the early adulthood, and academic stressors associated with the transition from elementary education system to the higher education system. Based on these particularities, this study proposes that for the international students, there are three core components of their experience of cross cultural adaptation:psychological adaptation, sociocultural adaptation and academic adaptation. These three core components represent the dynamic process and the result happening in intrapersonal psychological adjustment, mutual adjustment between the sojourning international students and the host society, the sojourning international students and the host university respectively.International student education in China can be traced back to the establishment of PRC. Over sixty years, the characteristics of international student education in China can be summarized as the following:first, the policy is more open than ever before. Second, compared with the isolated mode in the past, the international student affair in China at present tends to be integrated with the Chinese local student affair system gradually. Third, the distribution of the international student’s countries of origin has become diverse rather than simple as before. With the rapid increase of the scale of international students in China, problems arising from cross cultural adaptation are noticeable nowadays. The Zung Self-rating Depression Scale, the Sociocultural Adjustment Scale (the author-devised) and the Academic Adjustment Scale (the author-devised) have been used in the research on psychological adaptation, sociocultural adaptation and academic adaptation. Two hundred and sixty two international students from five Chinese universities participated in the research. Correlational analysis, analysis of variance, and factor analysis were employed to examine the result of cross cultural adaptation among international students in China. The results of the survey are:First, the results of correlational analysis revealed that the three core components of international student’s cross cultural adaptation were not only connected with each other but also independent from each other. The three core components of international student cross cultural adaptation model have been validated empirically.Second, the scores of the self-rating depression have shown that international students in China were mildly depressed in general, implying that measures should be taken to prevent psychological problems. The analysis of variance indicated that age, the country of origin, the length of study, acquaintance with China and acquaintance with the Chinese universities contributed significantly to psychological adaptation. The family members and relatives were the most important social support network in solving psychological adaptation problems. However, social support from the Chinese universities which consists of Chinese teachers and the staff at the International Student Office was insignificant in helping international student alleviate psychological problems.Third, the scores of sociocultural difficulties have shown that international students in China experienced moderately sociocultural difficulties in general. The analysis of variance suggested that gender and the country of origin contributed significantly to sociocultural adaptation. Based on the correlational analysis, the sojourning motivation and sociocultural adaptation were slightly negatively correlated, meaning that higher motivation predicted fewer sociocultural difficulties. Chinese friends, family members and relatives were the most accessible social support network to overcome sociocultural difficulties. Social support from the Chinese teachers and the staff at the International Student Office was insignificant in helping international student solve sociocultural problems.Fourth, the scores of academic difficulties demonstrated that international students in China have experienced moderately academic difficulties in general. In addition, the result of academic adaptation pointed to the necessity of improvement in the library facilities and the international student service. The analysis of variance indicated that the country of origin, the student status, acquaintance with China and acquaintance with the Chinese universities contributed significantly to academic adaptation. According to the correlational analysis, the motivation and academic adaptation were slightly negatively correlated, suggesting that higher motivation predicted fewer academic difficulties. The Chinese teachers, the family members and relatives were the most significant social support network in preventing academic problems.The study concluded that facilitating the social support may reduce cross cultural adaptation problems arising among international students in China. In broad terms, the social support network may consist of the host country and the host university. In narrow terms, the social support network may include the student organizations and individual relations. The following strategies are put forward to improve the status of cross cultural adaptation among international students in China:First, improve social support provided by the host country. Specifically, the mentality of international student education should be renewed by the transition from considering international student education as part of foreign affaires to regarding it as part of higher education. The relevant policies and laws should be renewed and the recruitment and information service should be diversified. Second, the university support may be strengthened by establishing cross cultural counseling and Chinese language and culture support system at the international student office. More attention need be paid to the service quality of international student affair staff. Third, building up the mutli-cultural student organizations and the nations of international students are the effective measures to facilitate the student organization support.

Full-text Catalog


Summary     6-8
ABSTRACT     8-15
first chapter     15-56
Section I Background     15 - 19
an international background     15-17
Second, the domestic background     17-19
1.2 Research and research significance     19-22 the
research questions raised     19-20,
significance     20-22
Section III Literature Review     22-48
, foreign study of cross-cultural adaptation of international students     22-40
Second, foreign students cross-cultural adaptation     40-48
Section IV lack of research     48-50
Section V core concepts     50-53
research methods    
II 50-52 core concepts     52-53
Section VI of this research structure     53-56
the second chapter of the international students the theoretical background of cross-cultural adaptation     56-83
The first section of intercultural adaptation and cross-cultural adaptation research     56-70
, the concept of cross-cultural adaptation     56-65
Second, cross-cultural adaptation research theoretical perspectives     65-70
section II international students: foreigners and students,     70-75
as foreigners of international students     70-73
Second, as a student of international students     73-75
Section III cross-cultural adaptation of international students     75-83
international students' psychological adaptation     76-78
Second, the international students' social and cultural adaptation     the
III 78-80, international students academic adapt     80-83
Chapter the historical development of the education of foreign students     83-111
The first section of students from educational policy: from closed to gradually open up     84-94
a political assistance period (1950 1977)     84-87
Second, the reform and opening up period (1978-1989)    
87-90, deepen reform and opening period (1990 to the present)     90-94
Section II colleges and universities to foreign students education management: isolation towards gradual convergence     94-103
an isolated management period (1950-1998)     94-99
Second, the gradual convergence period (1999 to present)     99-103
the third quarter of the source country of international students in China: from single to diversify     103-111
a development trajectory of the source country of foreign students    
2, 103-106, and the sources of the main factors of the country     106-111
Chapter psychology of foreign students adapt     111-140
first section surveys the overall design and implementation     111-123
a questionnaire constitute     111 the -112
Second, the implementation of the survey     112-122
Third, cross-cultural adaptation the triaxiality inspection     122-123
Section II Psychological Adjustment Scale Reliability and validity     123-124
a psychological Adjustment Scale constitute     123
II, Psychological Adjustment Scale reliability and validity of test     123-124
the third quarter psychological adaptation survey results and analysis     124-140
First, the overall level of psychological adaptation    
2, 124-128, psychological adaptation differences    
3, 128-137, social support and psychological adjustment of foreign students     137
IV, your motives and psychological adaptation     137-138 < br /> V. Summary of psychological adjustment     138-140
Chapter foreign students social and cultural adaptation     140-158
letter first section of socio-cultural adaptation scale and validity     the
140-141 Section II of the socio-cultural adaptation survey results and analysis     141-158
First, the overall level of socio-cultural adaptation     141 In -146
Second, the differences of the social and cultural adaptation     the
146-154, social support, and social and cultural adaptation     154-155,
IV, your motives and social the cultural adaptation     155-156
V. the social acculturation Summary     156-158
Chapter the academic foreign students adapt     158-175
Section I Academic Adjustment Scale reliability and validity     158-159
Section II Academic adapt survey results and analysis     159-175
academic adaptation overall level    
2, 159-163, academic adaptation differences     163-171
, social support and academic adapt     171
four, studying The   motivation and academic adapt   171-172
the five academic adapt Summary     172-175
Chapter VII of the findings of this study, strategy and prospects     175-196 < br /> the main findings of the first section foreign students in cross-cultural adaptation research     175-182
a theoretical construct and empirical validation of the structural model of cross-cultural adaptation of international students     175-176 < br /> Second, foreign students psychological adaptation    
3, 176-178, socio-cultural adaptation of foreign students     178-180,
IV, academic adaptation of foreign students     180-182
Section II optimization strategy of cross-cultural adaptation of foreign students     182-192
a national support    
2, 183-187 , colleges and universities to support     187-190
student clubs support     190-192
Section III of this research contributions, limitations, and future research directions     192 - 196
a major contribution     192-194
Second, limitations and future research directions     194-196
Appendix     196-226
a, foreign students in cross-cultural adaptation questionnaire     196-202
II the invalid questionnaires List     202-204
were demographic description     204-209
IV test the country's language, religion, geographical distribution     the
V. 209-211, factor analysis of cross-cultural adaptation     211-223
correlation scatter plot     223-226
References     226-234
Postscript    . 234-235,

Similar to the Dissertation

  1. Study on Mental Health and It’s Impact Factors of International Students in China,B849
  2. The Impact of Cultural Intelligence on Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Overseas Students in China,G648.9
  3. Psychological Research about Junior Students’ Studying in the City,G442
  4. A Study of the Urban Adaptation of the Elderly Migrating to City,C913.6
  5. Southwest Regional junior national students' quality Issues,G752.0
  6. Investigating the Acculturation Strategies and Adaptation Outcomes of Chinese Students in Germany,H33
  7. The Exploring of Social Psychological Adaptation and Protective Factors of the Peasants Who Have Lost Their Lands,B849
  8. Cross-Cultural Adaptation Study of Foreign Experts or Teachers in Chinese Universities in the Chongqing Area,G647
  9. The Eighth Graders cope way to deal with the relationship and intervention studies of the performance and psychological adaptation,G444
  10. Laid-off relocation of residents psychological adaptation and social adaptation analysis,C912.6
  11. Studies on the Culture-psychological Adaptation of Yi Middle School Students in Panzhihua Region,B844.2
  12. Research on the Culture-psychological Adaptation of Bai and Hui Undergraduates of Yunnan Province,B844.2
  13. The Integrated Test Scheme for Evaluating University Graduates’ Occupational Psychological Adaptation,G647.38
  14. Cross-cultural Adaptation of American Sojourners in China,G125
  15. Communication-Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Chinese International Students in an American University,B844.2
  16. An Exploratory Research: On the Cross-cultural Adaptation of Foreign Teachers of University in China,G645.1
  17. Study of Intercultural Adaptation Problems of International Students in China,G648.9
  18. Ethnic Region Rural practical technology to promote training and research,G725
  19. A Study of Hollywood Adaptations of Pearl S. Buck’s China Novels,J905
  20. Early Chinese Film Adaptations of Western Literature (1913-1931),J909.2

CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Education > Higher Education > All types of colleges and universities > Overseas Education,exchange professor
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net