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Yan'an Period building grassroots political power of

Author: ZhangGuoRu
Tutor: WangShunSheng
School: Renmin University of China
Course: CPC's history
Keywords: Grassroots political power Ningxia Border Region Yan'an
CLC: D231
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 1184
Quote: 8
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Abstract


China is a predominantly rural country, to solve China's problems, the majority of farmers can not be separated. History has shown that farmers who are able to mobilize the rural achieve the integration of the various forces, who will be able to obtain the success of the revolution and construction. Yan'an period, the Chinese Communist Party to create the glorious history of the period, in which the base of the successful building grassroots political power, to meet the needs of the fundamental interests of the majority of farmers and rural communities to achieve control and public mobilization, this brilliant period constitutes an important component. CPC Ningxia Border Region as the location, but also in a relatively peaceful environment, democratic political, economic, cultural programs have been fully implemented and in this implementation, becoming the nation's typical. Therefore, the Yan'an Period building grassroots political power research Communist victory of the revolution can explore the deep-seated reasons. Meanwhile, the practical need to absorb nutrients from history. Chinese Communist regime construction of rural grassroots experienced a occurrence, development, turning point, the process of change, history and heritage marks printed on the ever-present influence of current practices. Relaxation historical perspective, Yan'an building grassroots political power of the Chinese Communist Party ideology, principles, path, destination, etc., can be for the current building grassroots political power to provide historical reference and inspiration. However, this current academic conduct special research results is still rare, Based on this, select Yan'an Period building grassroots political power as the research object, mainly based on a large number of historical data, to fully absorb the existing achievements of academic research in Under the guidance of Marxist materialism, the use of traditional methods of historical research, while drawing on political science and sociology theories and methods, try to present the research complex historical picture. This article from the introduction, body and conclusion of three parts. Introduction to the main topics of the reasons elaborated and significance, current research, data sources, research methods, research ideas, academic innovation and is inadequate. Text includes five chapters. The first chapter, a new pattern of grass-roots political power. Yan'an, in the border formed by the grass-roots party branch leaders of the party, government, public bodies Trinity regime a new pattern. Border City township government system mainly consists of elected officials, government agencies, various committees and its subsidiaries, such formal legal authority to become the main body of rural social power. Township (City of) parliament and the executive power to implement the system. Township (or equivalent Township Municipal) no formal judiciary, but a judicial auxiliary organs, the main job is to mediate border constitutes an important part of the administration of justice. Branch under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party power structure at the grassroots level to occupy leadership, political and civic groups to guide rural work. Border attaches great importance to the construction of rural branches to strengthen the District, at or above the county party committee and branch leadership and help create a model branch attention, to promote their experience and strengthen branch organizations and branch education, improve the quality of party members, while correcting branch leadership exist in the work and give up everything and headed erroneous tendencies in order to play the correct branch leadership role. Mass organizations to become an important support for grassroots political power and rely on. Township mass organizations including Women's Federation, Youth Corps, trade unions and farmers will be, there are various economic organizations and educational organizations. They accepted the leadership of the Communist Party, have their own system of organization, the implementation of democratic centralism. The development of these mass organizations in the creation of the regime to consolidate the regime and support the anti-Japanese have played an important role. Meanwhile, in the grass-roots political implementation of the \This new power structure, on the one hand, the situation can be issued, on the other hand, lower levels can also be on the up, to ensure the Communist Party's line, principles and policies implemented at the grassroots of society, also on behalf of the interests of the majority of rural people to overcome the old power structure defects, and promote the Communist regime sink and rural social development. Chapter II, grassroots democratic elections. Democratic elections are Ningxia Border regime produced a fundamental way. In order to break grassroots political indifference to the election proper perspective, and actively participate in the elections and exercise their legitimate rights, the Chinese Communists have done a lot in promoting the launch of painstaking work, the degree of its proactive work, Careful patient level, arduous effort, people are not experienced, so they advocated the policy of the Communist Party had a deep identity, political awareness and enthusiasm to participate in the election campaign are greatly improved. By participating in democratic elections, the people at the grassroots level to fulfill their most sacred genuine direct democracy. In implementing the principle of direct election of township best general election voters and cadres through the practice of education, have a correct understanding of the election, that the use of democracy to criticize the government for comments, questioning the government's work, the right to not be let go Therefore, in the township selected, check the enthusiastic grassroots government work. In order to facilitate the majority of voters to exercise their ownership rights, border voting method is also suitable to create a rural residential characteristics, different voter education, at different times in voting voted law to ensure that most people can participate in the elections in the past. With the increase in ethnic conflicts as the main contradiction in the government building on the Communist Party put forward the \In order to avoid the \strengthen the party's leadership. Through democratic elections, the countryside of outstanding figures, activists, that people believe that the \So wholehearted support to make it a foothold in the vast rural society. Chapter III, grassroots cadres. Whether a regime and develop a healthy body vitality lies within the regime of cadres. Border Region Government fully recognizes the importance of grass-roots cadres, in extremely arduous and complex conditions, adopted a series of measures to strengthen border grass-roots cadres. Low levels of literacy for grassroots cadres, mostly illiterate status quo, Border attention to strengthening grass-roots cadres learning education, learning education in various forms, and grass-roots cadres reality, and the establishment of a variety of learning systems. For grassroots cadres complacent, inherited the same old style, ability to work independently and poor situation, the higher the grass-roots cadres to help guide work. In helping to guide the process, created a number of specific ways: emphasis investigation; helping job specific; while helping guide can not be acting on their behalf. Border also pays special attention at the grassroots cadres for clean government, has developed a variety of rules and regulations, policies and regulations, Lixing Lian Jie political and punish corrupt public officials, and other acts of self-dealing, strengthen supervision, to solve specific difficulties of grassroots cadres, grassroots cadres directly formation of restraint and incentive mechanisms to enable grassroots cadres basically honest and by the masses of praise and affection. Through the implementation of these specific measures, border grass-roots cadres overall cultural quality, ability to work, to a certain style of work to enhance and improve, to overcome some of the shortcomings of its own, a truly good people act cadres good public servants, close the party cadre, has been the recognition of rural people successfully reshaped the village authority. Chapter IV, building rural ethnic minority autonomous regime. Regional ethnic autonomy is the Chinese Communist Party Marxist theory of the basic principles of national unified multi-ethnic country with China's specific national conditions arising from a combination of national policies, get in Yan'an Border preliminary practice, but also for the border of grassroots political power construction has added new content. Communist Party National Programme has undergone a gradual process of change, from the principle of national self-determination to national self-determination and autonomous regional ethnic autonomy and provide to the main emphasis of regional ethnic autonomy transition. To Yan'an period, in order to unite all ethnic war, according to the National Programme of regional ethnic autonomy, the Chinese Communist Party and government leaders Mongolia border back peoples since 1942 has established six Hui Autonomous Township, Mongolia and China, and one autonomous region. Living in minority autonomous regions, rural residents can exercise their democratic rights, in accordance with their wishes by direct vote to elect senators on behalf of the interests of the masses and the district mayor, comprising the autonomous authority to exercise autonomy, manage the internal affairs of the nation. Ethnic minority autonomous township government's job is mainly to develop production and placement of foreign minority immigrants, the development of minority education, solidarity with the Han and other ethnic minorities. To further build rural ethnic minority autonomous regime, the development of political, economic and cultural undertakings minorities, ethnic minorities unite to achieve genuine national equality, Border Region Government attached particular importance to the training of minority cadres work. In short, the construction of rural ethnic minority autonomous regime in the history of China is a pioneering, though modest, but in the protection of equal rights for minorities, ethnic minority autonomous regions manage internal affairs, to enhance political, economic and cultural minority status, to mobilize the enthusiasm of minorities , ethnic unity against Japan has played an important role, has begun to show the vigor and vitality of this policy for the development of the theory of regional ethnic autonomy and the establishment of large-scale ethnic autonomous areas provide important practical experience. Chapter V, Ningxia Border Region building grassroots political power features - Jia System and comparison with the KMT. In the first half of the 20th century, the Chinese, active in China's political arena two protagonists - the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese Nationalist Party's fight against rural society and competition, is an important part of the history of this period. The Communist Party in the border region of grassroots political power at the grassroots level with the same period of the KMT launched Grassroots comparison, better reflect the characteristics of border building grassroots political power. First, autonomy. KMT wanted to \for anti-communist anti-communist services, resulting in a subordinate position autonomous target being ignored, plus when the economy languished, social unrest, hardship, resulting in this financial baojia KMT defeat the purpose of being in the autonomy. The Chinese Communist Party consciously exalted Sun \Second, Huimin sex. KMT launched Grassroots most direct motivation is \Villages function is severely weakened. In addition, many executives from the soil baojia bad act after taking office multi pocketed, fish village, a serious confrontation with the public, resulting in the implementation of Grassroots serious departure from the interests of the people. The Communist Party in the border area for the building of grassroots political power more attention to the protection and development of the people's economic and cultural interests of the people's living standards and cultural and educational level has been greatly improved, and the border with the majority of rural grassroots cadres flesh and blood people, stakeholders, the basic having honest hard working style, all day long for the war mobilization and serving the interests of the people, willing to sacrifice for the people to solve practical difficulties and problems, by the majority of people love. Third, the mobilization of sex. Grassroots implementation and did not break for thousands of years the majority of rural people on the political indifference. The reason Grassroots does not solve the farmers' most pressing land issues, but increase the burden on the people of all kinds, and also not to break the traditional rural human relations, resulting in failure of Grassroots Mobilization countryside. The Communist Party in the border area of ??building grassroots political power through the introduction of universal, direct, equal and secret ballot voting system to ensure that the overwhelming majority of the rural populace truly fulfill their most sacred democratic rights, in addition, the Communist Party gives people tangible the material benefits, thus successfully established at the grassroots communist regime Aimin, Huimin image, achieved wide recognition for its rural population. Conclusion section analyzes the Yan'an Period building grassroots political power of the historical position, historical limitations and historical enlightenment. Yan'an Period building grassroots political power of China's modernization process successful mobilization of rural people and rural social integration of the originator, but by the time the social and historical conditions, there is no goal to achieve full normalization, there is always the grassroots party and government relations problems in the construction of many ways to take a mass movement, the farmers involved are passive participation limitations. History has gone, the subject of building grassroots political power still continues, the history of the relevant practice for today's grassroots political power to provide important inspiration: building grassroots political power need to rely on the majority of farmers, while meeting the needs of their most pressing interests; grassroots political power need to adhere to top-down leadership of the Chinese Communist Party to implement; grassroots political power requires a combination of concrete reality.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Communist Party of China > Party > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 )
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