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Historical Survey of U.S. industrial urban environmental pollution and its governance ( 1870s , 1940s ) -20

Author: JiangLiJie
Tutor: WangXu
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: World History
Keywords: Industrial city Environmental pollution Governance activities
CLC: X097.12
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2002
Downloads: 1071
Quote: 7
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Abstract


This article is a comprehensive history of the American industrial city in the 1870s to the 1940s, environmental pollution and its governance activities investigated. Text by the four-part introduction, body, conclusion, and references. Introduction The high-level overview of the general condition of the occurrence and development of environmental pollution, the American industrial city, pointed out that the Institute has academic value and practical significance, and an overview of the situation of academia in the field of research. The first chapter discusses the reasons for the course of development of the industrial city and urban environmental pollution. Pointed out that the U.S. industrial cities in the study period experienced an unprecedented rapid development, but this development has also brought negative impact on the urban environment, and social values, the concept of development, industry and population concentration, energy and urban management, and more The reason industrial city environmental pollution. The second chapter analyzes the social background of the industrial city pollution mitigation activities, environmental pollution caused by a variety of social problems, people to deepen understanding of the pollution and its harmful is fundamental motivation governance activities, urban political reform movement for governance The activities of political channels, requires a governance environment of various social forces play a significant role in promoting. The third chapter focuses on the process of governance activities and achievements of the city government for water pollution, solid waste pollution and air pollution were taken governance measures to speed up the construction of urban infrastructure, and standardize management, and strengthen legislative enforcement achieved some success, but also left does not solve the problems and pitfalls. The fourth chapter analyzes the problem of environmental pollution of the satellite towns of the industrial city, and found that large enterprises in the satellite towns of absolute dominance led to difficulties on its environmental governance, and satellite towns occurred with significant environmental hazards events both Donora smog incident causes and the impact of a detailed discussion. The smoke pollution governance of the industrial city of Pittsburgh history and successful experience in Chapter analysis of the study, pointed out the significance of the Pittsburgh mode. The concluding part of the industrial city pollution and its governance activities summary analysis, concluded that the governance activities has achieved success in resolving this period of urban residents are most worried about drinking water sanitation, waste disposal and smoke pollution problems, However, urban environmental pollution and ecological sense has not been fundamentally governance. The experience of the industrial city in the fundamental way to solve urban environmental pollution is to adhere to the principles of sustainable development, the establishment of the urban environment urban ecosystem concept of integrated pollution prevention and control concepts and measures.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of America, > North America > United States > Imperialist period ( 1898 ~)
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