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Relationships between Politics and Religion in Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties

Author: ZhangRongMing
Tutor: WangYuZhe;LiuZeHua
School: Nankai University
Course: History of Ancient China
Keywords: Shang Western Zhou religion theocracy political power
CLC: K221
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 1995
Downloads: 684
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Yin and Zhou era of political and religious relations, mainly in four aspects. First, political beliefs and religious unity. Yin and Zhou era, everyone believed in God, which is traditional, but also realistic. Do not need anyone to act as a dedicated missionary (sovereign functions) do not need a special Bible (the orders of the sovereign authority). So, we both found that political ideology in religious thought from time to to found religious thought, but also from the political and ideological. Yanzhou Si Polytheism want to retain the diversity of natural God, totem ancestors of God. But, Yanzhou Si thought the essential characteristics of a belief in God, and God is the supreme God. God is the master of the social, ethical legislators. It seems politicians in the Zhou Dynasty, political rationality is the will of God, to obey the will of God, before political Changming jo can be a long time. \Wise king governance in the history of national prosperity, the secret of its success is that \The politics of crisis, is considered not to act in accordance with the will of God. \Due to this, therefore, people in distress can not be self-determination must divination \From a rational perspective, it put forward a political program \\This is the most important ideological principles of Yin and Zhou. \Yin the political task known as the \Zhou Dynasty moved the \\Therefore, the Yin and Zhou's political beliefs do not transcend religious beliefs, and the two are integrated. Second, the unity of the political and religious organizations. Yinzhou Dynasties from the mainstream, regardless of political organizations or religious organizations continue to use a the clan era the tribal kinship tissue naturally formed. Historical data indicate that the \The \By oracle bone inscriptions known, \With Shuzu exclusion aristocratic organization in the Western Zhou Dynasty, the formation of a double pattern of social organization. The nobility clan kinship organizations, political and religious organizations-one system constructed on this basis. The common people were excluded from the clan organization, but they can not get rid of the control of the nobility, the personal is not freely. This dependence of group character, Shuzu as a whole the noble organization appendage, is a derivative of the aristocratic political and religious organizations. So, the Zhou dynasty Shuzu Although it is not the aristocracy as a kinship Shuzu organization by the aristocratic organization about Cambodia, is a \Yin and Zhou era of people dependent on a particular kinship organization, people can not get rid of kinship organization, naturally, will not be able to get rid of the religious organizations. This makes believers then universality, any people living in ethnic organizations and ethnic organizations around must be religious believers. Yin and Zhou's family organization has a very distinct level characteristics. Focus from the society as a whole, the nobility, Shuzu of the other; see from the aristocracy within the organization, is divided into royal family, Gongzu, (sub-tribe), family (kid family). Family Gongzu obedience, obey royal Gongzu, Shuzu obey nobility, thus setting up the pyramid-like ruling order. Different family members of the organization, high or low level of identity, political, religious activities etiquette, different ancestors object, the contribution of the different sacrifice, using the ritual music of different specifications. Therefore, when the religious organization is relatively closed, they can not (or not entirely) compatible. All believers are God's people, but they can not all become equal to each other \Third, the unity of political power and religious power. In the Yin and Zhou period, the patriarch of the aristocracy organizations at all levels (hereinafter referred to as \A second term. Yin Wang claiming to be \

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > The 21st century slave society ( about BC ~ 475 BC ) > Three generations ( 21th century BC - 770 BC )
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