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Deng Xiaoping Theory and Social Integration in Contemporary China

Author: JiaHuiZe
Tutor: XiaoGuiQing
School: Hebei Normal
Course: Marxist Theory and Ideological and Political Education
Keywords: Deng Xiaoping Theory In contemporary China Social integration Harmonious society
CLC: D61
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 675
Quote: 7
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Abstract


The issue of social integration has received the people’s attention increasingly. That the social integration is appropriate or not related to whether the society can realize the harmony and further affect the operation and development of the entire society directly. After the reform and opening up, the society in China was faced with the matters of the long-standing“left”wrong needed to clear, and the problems of the benefit differentiation, ideology pluralism, decline of political authority resulted from the rapid transition of society. These issues provided with continuity and coexistence intertwined and had a bad effect on the social integration effectively. Under the complex background, the Party’s second generation of central collective leadership with Deng Xiaoping at its core adheres to make the economic construction as the centre of work, promotes the system reform ,develops the social productive forces vigorously, at the same time, constantly promotes the interest and politics relations coordination, strengthens the construction of ideology and social norms on the basis of breaking the rigid thinking and reestablishing the ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. These thoughts and its practice promote the social comprehensive progress and advance the benign interaction between the social integration and development. It can be said that the social integration and Deng Xiaoping Theory is closely related in contemporary China, namely Deng Xiaoping Theory’s guiding is the important cause of social integration in contemporary China. Therefore, the research on Deng Xiaoping Theory, specially the research relating Deng Xiaoping Theory with the issue of social integration ,is not only helpful in developing the research field of vision of Deng Xiaoping Theory, advancing the research on Deng Xiaoping Theory thoroughly, but helpful in understanding and grasping the course and in-depth reason of social integration vicissitude, deriving the important thought of value to construct the socialism harmonious society and promoting the harmony and development of society further.To research on the issue on Deng Xiaoping Theory and social integration in contemporary China must understand clearly the concept, connotation and related issue on social integration. Therefore they are defined and combed and the theories of social integration in China and foreign countries are analyzed briefly in order to provide the basic premise for the smooth conduct in the research. Moreover, the condition of institution and actual situation of social integration is summarized on the basis of the major theme in this paper. Through the clarity of basic matter above, the issue of Deng Xiaoping and social integration is analyzed and studied systematically from the aspect of social integration through interest, politics, ideology, social norms and organization, etc.The key of social integration through interest is to harmonize the interest relations on the premise of interest differentiation and on the basis of increasing of interest supply. The thought and practice of social integration under the leading of Deng Xiaoping include two main aspects. First, breaking the rigid structure of interest and forming the appropriate differentiation of interest and the multiple relations of interest through the reform of economic system in order to provide the motive force and vitality of development and promote the economic development rapidly. Second, putting forward the foundation, principle and way of social integration through interest following the requirement of the socialist value in order to coordinate the relations of interest, promote harmony of interest relations, achieve common prosperity and abandon from polarization of interest on the basis of the moderate differentiation of interest and rapid growth of economy. These two aspects are not independent, but the same process, namely two aspects in the same process. They form the main content of interest integration under the leading of Deng XiaopingThe core question of social integration through politics was to harmonize the political relations. Deng Xiaoping stresses that the Chinese Communist Party is the core of social integration through politics and ask to strengthen the party’s political authority and legitimacy, improve the party’s ability to integrate continuously. He asks to comb the main political relations including class, political parties and groups, ethnic, strengthens the relevant construction of institution and ensures the sound development of political relations. He asks to strengthen the building of democracy including inner-party, people and grassroots, promote the process of democracy-building and give the positive play of it. He puts forward the correct policies of social group and religion and played the special role of it in the process of social integration through politics. So the order of politics has realized harmonious and stable, the system of politics has run smoothly.The purpose of social integration through ideology is to lay a solid ideological foundation for social cohesion and unity and provide value guide for the social members through the lawful demonstration for social order in present. After“the great cultural revolution”, Deng Xiaoping reestablishs the ideological line of seeking truth from facts, stresses emancipating the mind, and integrated emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts and breaks the constraints of rigid and dogmatic thinking. He makes a correct appraisal of Mao Zedong’s historical status and asks to uphold and develop Mao Zedong Thought. This is a logic starting point of social integration through ideology. Deng Xiaoping clarifies the people’s understanding to socialism, puts forward the four cardinal principles, opposes bourgeois liberalization, and establishes the basic direction of the social integration through ideology. He thinks the fundamental way of social integration through ideology is the socialization of ideology and askes to strengthen the ideological and political education to realize the political socialization of ideology. He puts forward the principles of the social integration through ideology including the practice, people’s interest, the direction and openness. In addition, Deng Xiaoping integrates the highest ideal with common ideal and played an active role of communist ideal and common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics.The social integration through norm is the primary means realizing order in society through social control. Deng Xiaoping learns the lessons of long-term neglect of law in China and emphasizes that play the pole of social institution norms with the law as the core including the law, system, disciplinary ,and realizes the transition from the rule of law to man. In view of the situation that the moral is politicized and idealized and the social morality is declined, Deng Xiaoping stresses the gradation of moral and importance of social morality and plays effectively the pole of social norms of non-institution with the socialist ethics as the core.The organization is the important that which make the social members weave together and forms the organic relations. This process of operation is the process of social integration through organization. The social integration through organization has a vital bearing in society where a large population has. Deng Xiaoping thinks the communist Party of China is the ruling party, and its own organization has a very important position in all the social organizations. So he emphasizes that restore and develope organization of the CPC, maintains purity of it, strengthens the building of institution in order to further play the party’s advantages of integration through organization. As the market economy has forwarded, the role of the original organizations, such as the units, has been declined. The Party’s second generation of central collective leadership with Deng Xiaoping at its core promotes the reform of system actively, at the same time further explore the new way of social integration through organization and gain the positive results in the aspects of social integration through the community including the neighborhood committees and village self-government organizations mainly.Through the above analysis, the thought and practice of social integration under the guide of Deng Xiaoping Theory in Contemporary China is evaluated. The overall feature is that achieves the benign interaction between the integration and development, that is, the society developes in the process of integration and integrates in the process of development. It achieves the change of the objective, basis and ways of social integration in theory, and achieves the rapid development of economy, opening and pluralism of social structure, reasonableness and orderliness of social mobility, extensiveness and orderliness of political participation, progressiveness of social construction and stability and harmony of social order, etc. In practice, it has the important historical position which is the important part of the building of socialism with the Chinese characteristics, lays the foundation for the establishment of modern mechanism of social integration. It has the transition in the process of integration from tradition to modern ness and had the role of connecting link.Social integration and building of harmonious society had the differences and relations. Deng Xiaoping’s exploration to the social integration in contemporary China has the important reference and enlightenment to it. The adverse factors effecting on the building of harmonious society and its causes are analyzed in accordance with the track of Deng Xiaoping’s thought and way, and proposes the path of social integration for building socialist harmonious society in interest, politics, ideology, social norms and social policy in this paper. This is the gist of the paper too.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Revolution and construction in China
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