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"South scriptures Zhiyin" note of

Author: LiGuo
Tutor: FuJie
School: Fudan University
Course: Chinese Philology
Keywords: Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin Classics Annotation Phonetic Annotation Historical Linguistics Study of bibliography
CLC: H113
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 33
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Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音,written by Jia Shanxiang賈善翔, living in Song Dynasty,is an important phonetic annotation data in Daozang道藏There are1237pieces of phonetic annotation contained in this book.Completely simulating the pattern of Lu Deming’s陸德明Classics Annotation經典釋文,Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音made phonetic notations on the characters which are difficult to understand in Zhuangzi莊子in three ways-Zhiyin直音、(?)Fanqie反切and Niusisheng紐四聲Based on accent of Song Dynasty in Kaifeng開封,Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音copied the annotation of Classics Annotation經典釋文,or added, deleted and amended some ones, which preserved a part of the original appearance of Classics Annotation經典釋文aind reflected the development of accent of Song Dynasty truly at the same time.This book has received attention of several scholars since20th century,who have made many achievements.This thesis has broken through in the aspects followed on the base of previous research.The first chapter is introduction, which talked about the writer’s life,the content and form about this book,introducing the programme,target and methods of our research generally.The second chapter is to exam the editions and collate texts of Classics Annotation經典釋文using Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音Referring to Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音,we could know better about the relative part of Classics Annotation經典釋文.For example,there are differences of characters between Guyi text古逸本εnd other editions. The same part of Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音,however,is the same with Guyi text古逸本,proving that Guyi text古逸木is not an exception. Another example is that the edition of Classics Annotation經典釋文collated by Lu Wenchao盧文招has received much criticism for his amendments.We could testify that the edition of Lu Wenchao盧文弨has his own edition source actually for there are many same annotations in Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音to support him.The third chapter studied about the initial consonant system. According to phonetic change,we concluded the category of consonant and reconstructed their phonetic value and analyzed the reasons for several sound changes. There are major characters in Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音;the confusion between unaspirated and aspirated plosive;the confusion between glottal voice and velaric stop; the transformation from voiced sound to voiceless sound; the combination between unaspirated and aspirated labiodental affricate.The fourth chapter was about the vowel phonems system. Through the study,we found the main characters in Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音:(?)Iuiyun灰韻and Taiyun泰韻with head voewl [u] was compounding with Zhishe止攝:Zhi(支)Zhi(之)Zhi(脂)、vere merging;the vowel phonemes in the third grade and fourth grade were combining;the word syllable which ended by-k,-t both merged together, but the coda with-p still kept independent; the same mixed phenomena occurred in the different vowel phenomes, such as between Dang(宕)and Jiang(江),between Zeng(曾)and Geng(梗).At the same time we studied the tones and testified that voiced Shang(上)tone changed to Qu(去)tone.The fifth chapter studied about the non-first pronunciation problem in Classics Annotation經典釋文.(?)Ve found out some traces of phonological diachronic evolution and reached some new conclusions through these phenomes mentioned above.The sixth chapter was about the particular phonetic annotations. According to the studies on the reasons of different phenomes such as wrong character pattern,different understanding about meanings, we distinguished them from the annotation which were the results of phonetic changes. As a result we could showed the real situation of Nanhuazhenjing zhiyin南華真經直音.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Voice > Middle voice ( Wei - Song voice)
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