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The Research on the Evaluation System of the Effectiveness of Public Service in Cities with the Rapid Urbanization

Author: MengZhaoMin
Tutor: WuRuiJun
School: East China Normal University
Course: Demographic
Keywords: public service in cities the evaluation of effectiveness rapid urbanization
CLC: C924.24
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 558
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Abstract


Since the reform and opening-up, The Chinese Government has made some achievements in the field of public goods. However, with the rapid urbanization, there have been considerable changes in the scale of urban population, the urban population spatial distribution and the social structure of population. And the demand for public service has resulted in a massive shift, which conflicts with the supply of public service. At this time the social contradictions gradually exposed. Therefore the allocation of public service is not only to meet the basic material needs and services, but also to relate to social stability.In2006October,"the CPC Central Committee on building a socialist harmonious society certain major issues", clearly put forward the concept of public service system, and pointed out that in2020the goal of building a harmonious society and the main tasks include "the basic public service system more perfect, the government management and service levels are higher," As one of the main content of the construction of "service-oriented government".the Chinese government for the establishment and public service system the improvement has been put on the agenda.This paper, based on the rapid urbanization and from the demographic perspective, established three layer framework systems to evaluate the allocation efficiency of public service in China City. The paper evaluates city public service respectively from three aspects:the effective supply, the effective distribution, and the effective use to reveal the contradictions between supply and demand of public service in our country, and explain the reasons behind it.First of all, by means of summarizing the domestic and foreign related research results, it summarizes the scope and content of research on city public service. According to welfare economics, public management theory, and from demographic perspective, it establishes three layer evaluation system of public service. The author chose appropriate research methods and each layer has also been studied in detail.Secondly, it reviews the policy change of city public services since the founding of China and sums up the development of public service supply of our city. According to the index system established, it evaluates the supply situation of public service in China’s262cities and analyses the characteristics of public service. At the same time, based on the sixth national population census, it analyses the characteristics of the population scale、 distribution and social structure, which provides the basis for empirical research.Furthermore, through evaluation criterion of the effectiveness of public service in cities, the article evaluates the effectiveness of public service in Shanghai, Suzhou and Dalian. In each layer of evaluation criterion, the article researches the relation between public service and the changes of population.Finally, according to the results of empirical research, it summarizes the configuration problems and contradictions of public service in China’s cities. And it finds out the deep reason of failure of public service allocation. Then, according to the research, it sorts out the effective path analysis of public services and proposes countermeasure and suggestions.According to the research, we draw the conclusion as follows:1. On the basis of reproduction process, including distribution, exchange and consumption in political economics, the article constructs the evaluation index system from three dimensions:the effective supply, effective allocation and effective use. Three evaluation levels are combined with population size, distribution, social stratification. It underlines the combination of macro and micro, the comprehensive use of objective and subjective indicators. The effective supply of public services discusses the adaptability of public service allocation to the number of city residents and demand level. The efficient allocation analyses the coordination of public service allocation to the population distribution, including spatial equalization and service accessibility. The effectively use studies the consistency of public service to the residents’ demand preference and types, including revealed preference and stated preference.2. The use of panel data model on Shanghai, Suzhou and Dalian show that, China’s city public service supply is related to the scale of resident population, but not adapt to the level of residents demand. The analysis of Gene coefficient in Shanghai’s public service found that the distribution of public service in Shanghai do not coordinate with the distribution of population, especially in the medical, pension resources. Finally. the questionnaire datas to evaluate the effective use of public service in Shanghai show residents satisfaction on medical, education is relatively low and the municipal hospitals, public nursing homes can not fully meet the preference.3. It has the following contradictions in the process of city public service allocation:first, the supply lacks government investment. and lags behind China’s economic development level; second. there are uneven spatial distribution problems which have been aggravated by the quality resources; third, the type and the level of supply is incompatible with the residents’preference discrepancy.4. This paper analyses the reasons for the contradiction from three aspects. First, these defects supply mode and financial system lead to the problem in supply. Second, demographic shift and social divisior make the requirement changes. Third, system and mechanism problems hinder the effective combination of supply and demand.5. According to the problems of public service, it must meet three requirements to make sure the public service allocation running effectively, including clearing the responsibility of government, grasping the need of residents and paying attention to the demographic factors. It puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions on how to allocate public service effectively. First, innovation mechanism and resource management of public service should be established to promote the balanced development of public service system. Second, the coordination mechanism of closely related public service to the people’s needs should be established to meet the diversified needs of residents. Third, the population change-oriented supply system should be established and the function of population planning in public service allocation should be paid more attention to.The innovation of this paper lies in:First, the research process is systematical and comprehensive. According to the process of public service configuration, the article constructs three levels of evaluation system, to evaluate the effectiveness of public service configuration respectively. In addition, it evaluates comprehensively for the whole process of public service configuration.Second, the research perspective is unique. In this paper, with the rapid urbanization in China, it emphasized the effect of demographic factors on the effectiveness of public service configuration, and discussed the influence of population on public service configuration.Third, the method of evaluation combines subjective and objective index. The combination, with complementary advantages, not only respects the fact of public service supply, and also considers perceptions of residents about public service.

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CLC: > Social Sciences > Demographic > Investigation and research of the world population > China's population > Population Studies
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