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Sun Yat-sen’s Constitutional Thought and Its Contemporary Value

Author: WangJing
Tutor: MaJianHong
School: Shandong University
Course: Legal
Keywords: Sun Yat-sen Political power Governing Power Five-power ConstitutionThought Three People’s Principles
CLC: D909.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 22
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Occupying very high position and with significant meaning in Chinese modern history, Sun is not only a great leader of the Chinese capitalist revolutionaries, but also a designer and constructor of the modern China. Dr. Sun has devoted all his life to pursuing national independence by revolution, and trying to build China as a strong and prosperous country who stands proudly all over the world. He proposed the idea of Constitutional structure with the time background of Chinese society.The Constitutional Thought is an important component of the political system of Sun Yat-sen and meanwhile the effective way to achieve democratic republic country. His Three People’s Principles, five-power constitution thought, right-power separation theory and direct civil rights have great contribution on the nation’s constitutionalism construction. Therefore, through analysis of Sun’s Constitutional Thought helps us to interpret the development of constitutional politics in modern China.In this paper, based on analysis of the basic concept of Sun’s Constitutional Thought, we try to explore the theoretical basis, the development process, the main content and the practice as well as the limits of his theory. At last, combining the value of his Constitutional Thought, it puts forward some helpful suggestions on how to develop the China’s democratic constitutionalism.The article is divided into five parts:The first is a brief introduction of the Sun’s Constitutional Thought and its development. The second chapter details the main ideas of Sun’s Constitutional Thought, which is mainly contains power and function being separated, power being in control of people, function being in control of government and function being restricted with power. In principle of Three Principles of the People and on the basis of five-power constitution thought, Sun want to resolve the conflict between the democracy and the efficiency through revolutionary procedure. The third part mostly introduces the constitutional practice with the Constitutional Thought of Sun Yat-sen. The research is focused on the disadvantages and impact of Sun’s Constitutional Thought in the forth part. Chapter five mainly elaborates the lessons of Sun’s Constitutional Thought for the socialism constitutionalism construction at present of our country.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Legal > Theory of law (Law) > History of law,legal history of ideas > China
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