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Research on Human Resource Allocation Based on Network Affecting the SMEs Innovation Performance

Author: LiLinSheng
Tutor: ShiGuoHong
School: Jiangsu University
Course: Innovation Management and SME development
Keywords: Human resource allocation Small and medium enterprise Innovation performance Innovation behavior
CLC: F273.1
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 659
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Abstract


The key role of national innovation is enterprises, and the small and medium enterprise (SME) undertakes important responsibility in enterprise innovation. Akers found SME occupied the advantage position in the innovation of 14 industries in comparison with the enterprise innovation number of 34 innovative industry in the United States. The innovation performance is a very important scale of evaluating the innovation process and results, which will guiding the enterprise development. With the increasing development of innovative researches, the enterprise innovation performance is becoming a hot topic, which is shown the blockbuster expansion in the past two years.The research of SMEs innovation performance is processed from the point of shareholder, and the single subject evaluation model has inherent shortfalls, which can not solve the subjectivity of SMEs innovation performance. Because the SMEs has not the conditions and capabilities of independently evaluating the innovation performance from management level, cost effectiveness and evaluation capacity, the research point from the shareholder is infeasible and impractical. The article on SMEs innovation performance research is from the perspective of social responsibility. The four benefit main bodies which are shareholders, employees, government and creditors are selected based on the theory of stakeholder. The innovation performance need is researched and analysed, and the aim of plural subject evaluation is attained.The innovation is the process of producing new knowledge in essence. The knowledge is a unique human resources, and knowledge is always reflected, carried, created, enriched, perfected, applied, teached and learned by people in Drucker’s view. It is the human factor that plays a vital role in knowledge generation. The innovation is a activities which spans the time and department from the corporate innovation process, and a typical innovation includes the six parts which are ideological formation, product ideas, design models, a small group of trial, mass production and marketing. The six parts need strong organizational collaboration capabilities on SMEs between the each department and inter-depatment collaboration. So the paper selects the allocation of human resources as the impact factor for the innovation performance of SMEs.The research on SMEs innovation performance shows that human resource allocation remarkably affects the SMEs innovation performance. But there are very few literatures which divide the human resource allocation into each part and research functional way and path, so the index of human resources is scattered and immethodical. The paper gives the mathematical statistics four layers model, which adds data model layer into formal data layer and the objective world layer which is an abstract about objective world in order to decouple the dependence of formal data layer on objective world layer. The human resource allocation model under the network organization (referred to as the allocation of human resources network) is used to realize, he organizational form of the allocation of human resources network model is network map which node, ligature and node attributes is staff, relationship and person’s property.The paper constructs the conceptual model about human resources allocation network affecting SMEs innovation performance taking human resource allocation network, social responsibility of SMEs innovation performance and enterprise innovation behavior as independent, dependent and intermediary variable. The research questionnaire scale is designed based on literature review and field research of enterprise which is tested in the small sample, and the items, structure and formulation of the questionnaire scale is adjusted. The large-scale questionnaire survey in which 212 valid questionnaires are obtained is taken in Jiangsu and Anhui provinces, and the data reliability test and confirmatory factor is analyzed. The initial structure equation model is constructed and fitted according to the hypothesis put forward by the conceptual model. The final impact model is obtained by revising model based on all kinds of parameters in the way of fitting. Finally, the empirical results are summarized and analyzed.The following conclusions are obtained:1. The human resource allocation network significantly affects the enterprise innovation behavior.2. The enterprise innovation behaviour significantly affects SMEs innovation performance in the social responsibility angle.3. Through the enterprise innovation behavior, the human resource allocation network affects the SMEs innovation performance social responsibility angle.4. The influence factors and path is different in management innovation, process innovation and product innovation.

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