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Comparative Research on the Finacing Issue of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise in the US and in China

Author: HanXueZuo
Tutor: ZhuWenLi
School: Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
Course: Accounting
Keywords: small and medium-sized enterprise in the US and in China financing financing institution financing ability comparison
CLC: F276.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 3377
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Small and medium-sized enterprise plays a critical role in the economicdevelopment for all the countries in the world. However, the key to long-termand stable development for small and medium-sized enterprise is the ability tosolve the problem of financing. In China, along with the continuous developmentof economic reform in recent30years, although small and medium-sizedenterprise contribute much in promoting economic growth, promotingtechnological innovation and expanding employment, they still have to facedifficulties in financing. The United States is the most developed country in theworld; its best capital market system and reasonable financing system help solvethe financing problems for small and medium-sized enterprise. Because of thedifferent economic system, there are some differences between the means offinancing for small and medium-sized enterprise in China and the United States;however, we could seek the new path of financing or China’s small andmedium-sized enterprise by comparing the two countries’ financing issue. Also,the financial crisis broke out in United States in2008, it took sever negativeeffect for small and medium business both in China and in United States, thefinancing problems indulged in new predicament. Thus, based on thisbackground, explore the financing problems of small and medium businessbetween the United States and China has great practical significance.This paper uses the financing demand theory as the theoretical basis andcombines with the present situation of financing issue of small andmedium-sized enterprise, firstly explains the background and significance of thispaper, and takes an overview on the research of the financing problems indomestic and overseas. Then analyzes the current financing states in the twocountries; especially discuss the new financing problems after the financial crisis.After that, this paper explores how the two countries’ credit guarantee system,banking credit system and related law effect the financing issue in the United States and China. Based these analyses, this paper builds multivariate linearregression model to analyze the ingredients that affect the financing ability ofsmall and medium-sized enterprise both in the US and in China, and compare thedifferences between these ingredients to provide the empirical support for thispaper. Finally, based on the prior research of the financing issue in the twocountries, I will raise some reasonable recommendations for small andmedium-sized enterprise in China.Currently, there is less comparative research for the financing issue of smalland medium-sized enterprise between the US and China. Thus, this papercombines the induction and empirical method to explore the financing issue inthe US and in China, and then raise the feasible advice for improving thefinancing institution and financing ability in China. Hence, this paper has boththe theoretical significance and practical significance.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Enterprise economy > A variety of enterprise and economic > Small and medium-sized enterprises, township enterprises
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