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Research on the Government Responsibilities in the Development of Enterprise Annuity

Author: WangZhenZhen
Tutor: LiuJunYing
School: Henan University
Course: Social Security
Keywords: enterprise annuity government responsibility system supply
CLC: F842.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 3
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Abstract


As the second pillar of the social pension system, the Enterprise Annuity plays an irreplaceablerole in both the national economic development and the social stability and unity. The establishment ofsupplementary pension was brought into progress since1990s by the Chinese government to replenish theoriginal basic pension insurance system. The establishment of a multi-level pension system was determinedas the goal on the basic of summing up the experience and learning from foreign practices in the end of2000, and the Supplementary Pension was renamed as Enterprise Annuity.Today, China’s Enterprise Annuity System has gone through20years, but its development is stillconfronted with many difficulties: the certain regulation performed by the basic old-age insurance; theever-rising demands for a better life caused by the great improvement of per capita income; the impact onthe basic old-age insurance led by life expectancy and population aging. Thus a growing demand for theEnterprise Annuity is rising up from both government and individuals. However, the ineffectiveimplementation is the major factor that restricts the annuity development, the government should assume itsresponsibilities in enterprise annuity construction, which are not simply financial support, more than directadministration intervention, but system support. In China, the main system supply can be the government,non-government organizations or individuals, while the government owns a unique advantage in solvingsystem resource shortages and it’s the key to improve the slow development of Enterprise Annuity System.In exploration of the enterprise annuity development abroad, it notes that the implementation was launchedbetween a few enterprises in the beginning, it enabled the enterprises to attract a large number ofoutstanding talents, solved the pension problems of older workers effectively, gifted the employees entitled with enterprise annuity with a more stable and plenty income after retirement than other workers, so moreand more enterprises began to bring the Enterprise Annuity System into construction. The governmentstarted to pay attention on this major decision and combined it with the existing basic pension measuresgradually as the enterprise annuity achieved considerable social effect, a demand-induced system changemode was formed under the performance of legislative support, tax preference and administrativesupervision. The development of Enterprise Annuity System failed to follow this path due to the currentsituation of China, thus the government should intervene and assume proper responsibilities (effectivesystem supply) in order to fundamentally promote the enterprise annuity a new step forward.At present, the reform of China’s Enterprise Annuity System has reached to a critical moment, theresearch on its reform and development seems particularly important. Because of the institutionalinsufficiency, many areas are still blank or just getting started, therefore, this article focuses on theresponsibilities of government in the development of Enterprise Annuity System. The first part is asummary of the research background, significance and status, and also a discussion for its idea andapproach; the second part emphasizes on the introduction of macro and micro effects and also thedevelopment of the enterprise annuity in China, thus to lay a foundation for the further analysis of thecurrent status of Enterprise Annuity System in China. The third part expounds the establishment ofcoordination mechanism between enterprise annuity and basic old-age insurance, discusses the role ofenterprise annuity in population aging temporization, government responsibility sharing, capital marketoperation amelioration, introduces the development status of enterprise annuity in China and emphasizes onthe problems exist in the development of enterprise annuity to provide direction for the further analysis.The fourth part proposes that the main reason for these problems is government absence and theinsufficiency of effective supply system, introduces the concrete responsibilities for the government in the development of enterprise annuity. The fifth part is about the learning experiences from developedcountries, typical national government responsibility and discusses implications for china. The sixth partproposes orientation of government resistibility in the construction of China’s enterprise annuity andgovernment should provide effective system from laws and regulations、 annuities regulatory、 taxincentives、funding of operational level, in order to promote the benign development of enterprise annuity.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Insurance > China's insurance industry > Various types of insurance
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