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Research on Design and Manufacturing Methods of Nature Disaster Emergency Thematic Map

Author: LiMeng
Tutor: WanGang
School: PLA Information Engineering University
Course: Cartography and Geographic Information Engineering
Keywords: disaster emergency thematic map geographic environment information disaster monitor emergency plan deduct maneuver
CLC: P285.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 113
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the continuous development of the economy, the impact of the disaster is more andmore huge. The earthquake, debris flow, landslides, floods and so on which are the main factorof impacting natural disaster, resulting in damage to the natural and people’s life and property. Inrecent years, the frequency of disasters is high, how to effectively reduce the losses caused bydisasters should be subject of study. In emergency mitigation process, an accurate analysis of theimpact of disasters on the geographical environment, has a vital role to improve the capacity torespond to emergencies. Thematic map refers to the process of content about a topic map-makingprocess is essentially the processing of spatial location data (base map elements) and attributedata (thematic elements). Thematic maps through the expression of the disaster informationcontent can provide guidance for the rescue command and command basis.This paper from the emergency disaster on thematic map needs, combined with the actualsituation, put forward the following viewpoint and method:1.Elaborated on the site of a disaster environment and disaster emergency thematic mapswith meaning, analysis of disaster emergency geographic information demand and the domesticand foreign disaster emergency situation and development trend of thematic map system.2.Firstly, analysis of disaster types and formation of the state, and analysis of disasteremergency response of each stage and the staff at all levels of geographic information needsfrom the disaster emergency starting, express the characteristic of disaster by thematic mapsystem method.3.According to the actual situation of the content from the different stages of selection ofdisaster,provide the methods with emergency disaster monitoring map and plan inference graphgroup respectively, classification of geographical elements and special elements, analyses theexpression of different group, and discusses the information transmission and the composition ofdisaster emergency signs.4.On the basis of the above-mentioned study, design and research application of disasteremergency thematic map situation system, introduces the system structure and module design,and show results of the mapping group thematic map of disaster, verify the correctness andfeasibility of disaster series thematic map system.

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CLC: > Astronomy,Earth Sciences > Surveying and Mapping > Cartography ( Cartology ) > Specialized map production > The preparation of the natural geographic map
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