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The Household's Economic Behavior of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation and Its Influencing Factors

Author: LiuHongXiu
Tutor: ZhuangTianHui
School: Sichuan Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Farmer Disaster prevention and mitigation Economic behavior influencingfactors
CLC: X4
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 50
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Poor areas of the Southwest is a high degree of overlap areas of natural disasters and poverty outbreak in china, Frequent natural disasters is an important predisposing factor for poverty. Therefore, the study of the problem of poverty can not be separated from the study of natural disasters. However, the literature found by reviewing, combined study was small between poverty and natural disasters, and even depart from the microscopic point of view in academia. Based on this, we have chosen the research content that farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior and its influencing factors.from the perspective of poverty reduction, farmers object to expand the study farmers cope with a series of problems and prevention of natural disasters, to the adoption of this study, allow farmers to more effective implementation of disaster prevention and mitigation behavior, and achieve the purpose of the anti-poverty out of poverty ultimately.This article is based on farmers behavior theory, the theory of economic behavior, theory of rational smallholder and disaster risk management, wo use quantitative and qualitative research methods and combine theoretical and empirical research to study.From the formation mechanism of disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior of farmers, farmers Disaster Prevention and Mitigation content of economic behavior, farmers disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior influencing factors relevant aspects of the study. As follows:(1)The survey found that economic behavior of farmers in poverty-stricken areas of the Southwest National about Disaster Prevention and Mitigation included engineering and non-engineering economic behavior of disaster prevention and mitigation. Two types of economic behavior about disaster prevention and mitigation in the local penetration rate is not high, especially non-engineering economic disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior.(2) Analyzed from a theoretical point of view the formation mechanism of the economic behavior of farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation, study find, natural disasters is often prone areas, and that part has a higher cultural level and economic base as well as a rich social resources, more first implementation of disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior. The empirical study is further drawn, constitute a household disaster prevention and mitigation the economic behavior of the various parts of the formation mechanism of the impact of the economic behavior of farmers Disaster Prevention and Mitigation.(3) Basis of theoretical analysis and further analyze about the impact on the economic behavior of farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation factors using logistic model from an empirical point of view,Analyzes natural conditions, economic conditions, social resources, and cultural conditions of the farmers are the main factors affecting the implementation of the farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior. According to the study, the following conclusions:the circumvention of natural disasters serious losses to the farmers to take the power of disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior; providing the protection of a strong economic foundation for the implementation of the farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation behavior; rich social resource farmers in disaster prevention and mitigationan important support for the implementation of economic behavior; higher economic awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation is the basis of the farmers in the implementation of disaster prevention and mitigation of economic behavior.According to the theoretical analysis and empirical research, combined with the author’s empirical research, draw conclusions, and make suggestions for the conclusion: Multi-channel multi-form to improve farmers Disaster Prevention and Mitigation economic awareness; Adhere to the development features a combination of avoiding calamity agriculture and migrant road, and jointly promote the farmers to increase; Enhanced Household Economic disaster prevention and mitigation skills to improve the ability of farmers to disaster prevention and mitigation; Development of agricultural disaster insurance, take preventive measures to ensure that agricultural losses.Proposed in this paper, according to the conclusions from to enhance awareness of farmers Disaster Prevention and Mitigation economic, increase farmers’ income, rich farmers economic disaster prevention and mitigation skills, the development of the agricultural disaster insurance to farmers to improve disaster prevention and mitigation, in order to effectively improve farmers in disaster prevention and mitigation economic behavior.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Disasters and their prevention
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