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The Research on the Auditing of Disaster Preparedness in China

Author: LiuYuYu
Tutor: BiXiuLing
School:
Course: Accounting
Keywords: Disaster Audit of Disaster Preparedness National Audit Performance Audit Follow-up Audit
CLC: X43
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 7
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The number of natural disaster in the world has increased considerably recentyears,which causes significant consequences of economic loss and casualties. Aftermany lessons of disasters, people gradually realize that disaster risk reduction is amore efficient way to decrease the cost of disasters compared to post-disaster crisismanagement. With the development of the disaster risk reduction management, theaudit of disaster risk reduction as one of its important management tools hasdeveloped accordingly, and it is adopted in more and more countries, such as America,Canada, India, Netherlands, Pakistan.etc In2013, ISSAI5510was issued byInternational Organization of Supreme Audit Institution based on exchanges ofexperience between SAIs, which provides good guidance on auditing disaster riskreduction for SAIs.China is one of the countries which suffer most from disasters in the world. Theoccurrence and impact of disasters has dramatically increased over the last fewdecades, so finding ways to reduce the impact of disasters becomes an important taskof our government to achieve good governance. In the fields of disaster audit, nationalaudit institutions in china are preoccupied mainly on the audit of post-disasteractivities, the performance audit on the public accountability of building a resilientcountry hasn’t been carried out. Defining the audit of disaster risk reduction, andconstructing an operational framework is a job of great theoretical and practicalsignificance to improve our audit mechanisms and institutions so as to reduce the riskof populations and assets exposing to the consequences of disasters.This paper constructs an operational framework based on the current situation ofour country with the methodology of normative approach and case study, which startsfrom the explanation of concepts of audit disaster risk reduction and takes the auditpractices of India and Canada as reference. The framework is constituted ofexplanation of important audit elements and details of audit procedures. Specifically,this paper defines the audit of disaster preparedness, gives an answer to questions thatwhat is the general and specific audit objectives, where the audit criteria can come from, and picks out the five significant audit areas: the national strategy and actionplans, the adequacy of coordination, disaster management tools and early warningsystems, emergency exercises and training/public awareness, disaster funds and grantsadministration, and propose a complementary cooperation of two layers of state auditand local audit in organization arrangements. To achieve the general objective ofinfluencing policy-making and helping to promote public awareness, we shouldestablish follow-up audit mechanism. Besides, in order to ensure the framework canwork well in practice, we foresee the possible obstacles and give some practicaladvices such as improving relevant laws and regulations, assessing the adequacy ofdisaster management tools, and updating audit methods.etc.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Disasters and their prevention > Natural disasters and their prevention
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