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The Main Compensation Subject Define and Its Game Analysis of Ecology Compensation of Water Source Area

Author: YuFuChang
Tutor: GeYanXiang
School: Shandong Agricultural University
Course: Rural and Regional Development
Keywords: Water Source Area Ecological Compensation Compensation subject Game
CLC: X196
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 40
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In recent years, the state has adopted policies to limit industrial development of thewater source to water the existing mode of economic development and industrial planning,not only severely affected, but also the economic development of the water under a hugeopportunity cost. Of special ecological status as the most upstream of the basin watersource, only to take the appropriate way of direct investment in ecological protection ofwater sources and loss of opportunity and reasonable compensation, ecological protectionof water sources in order to effectively motivate behavior. Ecological compensationmechanism of the water source is through the internalization of the external waterecological protection, to mobilize the enthusiasm of the ecological construction of watersources and protector. Build a water source ecological compensation mechanism to clarifywho first compensation who the definition of the compensation body is the subsequentcompensation standards and compensation depth study of an important support, thefoundation of the entire water source of ecological compensation. In this paper, thedestroyer pays principle, the user pays principle, beneficiaries pay principle protector(decrease spoilers) the principle of compensation as the theoretical basis, responsibilitiesand status of the stakeholders in the specific ecological protection (destruction) event todefine compensation and be compensated.According to the compensation and the different responsibilities of the different forms ofwater resources utilization is defined as the production of water users, the operating waterusers, ecological water users. Primary industry production water users can be furthersubdivided according to the different industries, the second industrial production waterusers and the tertiary industry production and water users. Will be compensated inaccordance with the different water source ecosystem is divided into eco-builders andreduce the eco-saboteurs two categories. The different legal status of the eco-builders,eco-builders are further broken down into two types of eco-builders for the the individualecological builders and organizations. Depending on the industry will be reducedeco-saboteurs further broken down into primary industry to reduce eco-saboteurs, thesecondary industry to reduce ecological spoilers, the tertiary industry to reduce theecological vandals.When set up eco-compensation mechanism, water sources upstream of compensationbetween the inside game to become an important content of the study. This paperformulates a game model of government intervention under the compensation to be compensated, the outcome of the game is "not compensation, does not protect" has becomethe optimal choice; followed by the establishment of a higher-level governmentintervention, compensation, compensation to participate fully in the game model, higherlevels of government through the adjustment of the coefficient of rewards and punishmentsto promote the smooth progress of the compensation cooperation. As can be seen throughthe analysis of the model, the government severely punished in the strong under thesupervision of society, can effectively promote the conduct of compensation cooperation.And on this basis the relevant policy recommendations.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > The basic theory for the Environment and Science > Environmental Economics
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