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Ecological compensation evaluation in Suzhou

Author: XueYou
Tutor: ZhengZhaoPei
School: Shandong Normal University
Course: Physical Geography
Keywords: Suzhou ecological compensation policy policy evaluation
CLC: X196
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 55
Quote: 0
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Abstract


At present, ecological compensation research is highly paid social attention from all walks of life. To achieve coordination and sustainable development between social, economic and environment, we need to establish a complete ecological compensation mechanism. After Zhejiang, Guangzhou, Shanghai having carried out the implementation of ecological compensation, Suzhou became the first city in Jiangsu province to implement the ecological compensation.In view of the actual situation that Suzhou attaching great importance to ecological compensation and having done more former work for the ecological compensation, the author will analyze and research Suzhou that having carried out ecological compensation. This article altogether consists of five parts. First of all, the paper introduces the theory and connotation of ecological compensation, and generally shows the ecological compensation at home and abroad, and then elaborate purpose, significance, research method and technical route of this paper. The research significance lies in using scientific qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate the effect of Suzhou implementing ecological compensation policy, which can provide certain reference for Suzhou that will carry out the work of ecological compensation better in the future. This paper uses several methods, such as data-collected, on-the-spot investigation and questionnaire investigation. Secondly, introduce regional general situation, including the natural conditions, social economic situation and ecological compensation policy implementation, and use LianHuacun village and JinShicun village as the examples in order to show the effects of ecological compensation in Suzhou. Thirdly, by evaluating the opportunity cost and ecological service value of wetlands, ecological public welfare forest, water and basic farmland in Suzhou’s ecological compensation region, conclude the lowest and highest standards of compensation ecological compensation in Suzhou. And then analyze the rationality and scientific nature of Suzhou’s ecological compensation policy from three aspects such as the subject of ecological compensation, ecological compensation object and the ecological compensation standard. By using the choice of evaluation indexes, construct evaluation index system of ecological compensation policy and then use the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to evaluate the implementation of ecological compensation policy of Suzhou. We can obtain evaluation index about the performance of Suzhou ecological compensation policy by mathematical operation. The index which has just entered the good level range indicates that Suzhou has made certain progress in implementation of the ecological compensation policy, but there is a big gap between the result and the good and outstanding goals. Fourthly, according to some problems such as the high cost of ecological compensation, ecological compensation subject relying too much on the government, ecological compensation standard lacking of scientific nature and flexibility, evaluation index of ecological compensation is imperfect and lack of relevant laws and regulations of ecological compensation and so on, put forward reasonable suggestions which concludes the introduction of market mechanism, improving the compensation standard, broaden the financing channels to enhance the promotion of ecological compensation, ecological compensation and perfecting the ecological compensation legal laws and regulations, etc. Fifthly, this part includes the innovation of this paper and the prospect. The innovation is that the author calculates the theoretical minimum standards and the highest standard of ecological compensation in Suzhou on the basis of current research about the ecological compensation standards, combining with the actual situation of implementation of ecological compensation in Suzhou. The author hopes that under the condition of the ecological environment monitoring technology which continues to mature, Suzhou can evaluate ecological effects scientifically in future by obtaining the changing data of ecological environment. At the same time, the government ecological compensation assessment panel also can include the ecological effect assessment in the assessment of the category during the assessment of regional ecological compensation, and supervises the implementation of ecological compensation better.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > The basic theory for the Environment and Science > Environmental Economics
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