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The Study on Farmland Water Conservancy Construction in Jingyuan Country of Gansu Province (1950-1979)

Author: LiJiaWei
Tutor: DangQingLan
School: Northwest Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: 1950-1979 Jingyuan Agricultral water conservancy Construction
CLC: S279.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 8
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The development of water conservancy construction has it’s own regularities.Therefor, In the construction of water conservancy we should conclude ourexperience and deficiencies and turn into rules by rationality in order to do servicefor political, economic and social development. Since2011, the No.1document fromthe national central government has pay more attention to the construction of waterconservancy. The paper study on construction of water conservercy in the town ofJingYuan the middle of area in GanSu provice in1950-1979by investigating relevantdocuments local chronicles and newspapers data.Jingyuan County is located in the upstream of the Yellow River in the Centralof Gansu Province, the physical features of Jingyuan County have formed as follows:the northwest part is higher and the southeast part is lower, the terrain is mainlymountainous region,hill,proluvial plain and flood plain. Jingyuan County is locatedin the interior of China. Jingyuan’s development of agricultural production waschallenged by arid climate, raininess, meteorological disasters and floods.)so Jingyuanis in urgent need of the irrigration and Water Conservancy Construction. Before1950,the achievements of the irrigration and Water Conservancy Construction includedeight canals and sixty water wheels, but during this period, there was shortage ofwater conservancy constructive technology, water lifting tool and Water managementin the irrigration and Water Conservancy Construction.After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Jingyuan County wascarried out a large scale of farmland water conservancy construction during1950-1979, china and the development of economic construction in Gansuprovince,jingyuan,1950-1979on the farmland water conservancy history is dividedinto five stages:1950-1952Jingyuan’s farmland water conservancy construction wasin the transition period,1953-1957one five plan period the contents of farmlandwater conservancy construction of Jingyuan.)1958-1965Jingyuan’sfarmland waterconservancy construction had big fell. During1966-1976period, in the turmoilJingyuan’s farmland water conservancy construction continued to develop.1977-1979Jingyuan’s farmland water conservancy construction entered in the new stage.Respectively introduces in1950-1979jingyuan power in engineering, water engineering, drilling engineering, LaoChi project on the construction of four aspectsand important project summary. In these30years, Jingyuan built irrigation and waterconservancy power ten thousand mu of level4project, one thousand mu of the size ofthe30, one thousand acres under the scale of76. Spring project102, JiDianJing118eyes, four area, build LaoChi418.Jingyuan had a significant influence on the farmland water conservancyconstruction in1950-1979, in improving the livelihood of the people in jingyuan(increased food production, irrigation area,)promoting Jingyuan’s social mobilizationand control, improving the ecological environment of the Jingyuan, played a verypositive role, but there were deficiency in construction of irrigation and waterconservancy management regulations. These30years Jingyuan’s farmland waterconservancy construction experience of four: First,adjust measures to local conditions,respect for science, reasonable planning; Second, relying on the masses, the arduousstruggle, thrift handle affairs; Third, sum up experience, draw lessons and make up theshortfall.Fourth, establish the global idea, strengthen the overall drive,in order toachieve best results.

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CLC: > Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural Engineering > Irrigation and water conservancy > Countries farmland conservancy > China
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