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" Winter Study" Movement in the Shandong Liberated Area

Author: ZhangYang
Tutor: LiWei
School: Shandong Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: Shandong Anti-Japanese base Liberated area winter school
CLC: K265
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 1
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In short winter school is to learn in the winter, which is a traditional form ofsocial education. Anti-Japanese War and the War of Liberation, the ChineseCommunist Party to achieve their political goals and the completion of our historicalmission, the liberation of the region to transform the traditional form of "winterschool" education, and to improve farmers’ cultural quality and conduct politicalmobilization has played a huge role.Based on the archives and related materials to sort, combined with the socialbackground of the liberated areas in Shandong winter school sports were analyzed.Several aspects of the new democratic cultural policy from the Communist Party ofChina, Shandong liberated areas of extreme social and cultural backwardness of thefact that farmers realize the urgent need to turn around and cultural needs of the warsituation then analyzes the causes of winter sports science undertaken. From theaspects of the establishment and its main governing body of work, organizationalforms and winter school teaching methods, such as the selection and training ofteachers, presented an overview of Shantung winter school sports. On the basis ofthese studies, further explores the main teaching content winter school sports, ingeneral, its content has two main aspects: First, cultural education, first educationpolitics. In terms of culture and education, primarily to eliminate a large number ofilliterates in the liberated areas of memory, the transformation of some bad habits andcustoms, and establishing social development needs of the times and culture, in theway education is the foundation for literacy, interspersed with a common senseeducation, anti-superstition and some new types of educational and cultural activities.In terms of political education, mainly to improve the political consciousness andpolitical participation of the masses, mobilize the masses to actively participate in thepolitical life in the past. Communist Party of China through the winter school sports vigorously anti-Japanese propaganda, propaganda and current events combined withrent and interest reduction, land reform and other central task of emancipating themind through the propagation of the women are also incorporated into the majority ofwomen into political life, in short, through political education, the fight for the partymay be able to fight up to the power of a great success on the political mobilization.Winter sports science as a major party in the practice of social education carriedout, has made great achievements in the implementation process. Culturally eliminatea lot of illiteracy, some bad habits and social climate to change; on the political front,the political quality of farmers improved shape the war who need to adapt andpromote the emancipation of women and the work with the liberated areas carried out.Winter sports not only changed the school was the face of farmers and rural society interms of spirit, political and economic status, etc.; and trained a group of grassrootscadres and the masses to improve the recognition of the Communist Party’s leadershipin order to achieve a rural society. Of course, by age and environmental constraints,the implementation of the Party winter sports science there are some limitations, suchas educational content exists pan-politicization, simple and crude, such asmobilization, which the party after the implementation of education policies have hada profound and complex impact.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 ) > Anti-Japanese War (1937 ~ 1945 )
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