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The Land Reform of Ruijin at the Beginning of the People's Republic of China (1949-1952)

Author: DengDongHai
Tutor: YouHaiHua
School: Jiangxi Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: the new China Ruijin land reform
CLC: K27
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 39
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Early at the founding of The People’s Republic of China, the party and the Landreform is an enduring historical circle, one often do often new topic. In China redcapital Ruijin land reform as the center of the central Soviet area, is a hot and focus ofacademic research. Center to the old revolutionary base areas since the founding ofnew China early, after revolution role transformation of Ruijin, the former landreform is still the weak link of academic research. As red old capital Ruijin, the areaof the land reform is how to expand, is in what kind of specific historical background?In what state of mind and what way of action for them to deal with such a dramaticmovement for different classes of farmers? These are worth us to explore.As red old capital Ruijin, although experienced the baptism of the revolution ofthe central Soviet area, once the "new look". But, after the central committee of thecommunist party of China and the main red army long march, ruijin, like other partsof the central Soviet area, mostly back to proceed. At the beginning of the founding ofnew China, take the relationship of land ownership, rural social, cultural, education,for example in Ruijin. Compared with the traditional society, nothing is too big,respectively. Rich to still hold the vast majority of rural land, the clan forces strong,has the control right over the local gentry and clan in the local stage.The establishment of the new regime opens the centered on land reform of therural social reproduction process. In clean bandits in addition to the bully, rents fall),on the basis of the local implementation of the new regime all the policies andregulations of the central committee of the communist party of China and central theThirtieth Corps of the south Army, land reform open training classes, and mobilizethe public to carry out land reform to be prepared for all kinds of. After, began to landreform. Among them, the row class, estate and measure the fields, is an important partof the land reform, class implementation is clear foe me status, promote the key linkof land reform. Row class combined with possession, measure the fields, completedthe land reform to be completed. On this basis, further impose confiscated and wastedebt, meet the needs of the new regime and the poor the most urgent; Then to fruit,and divide farmland and preliminary complete land reform. This process, of course,inevitably there are all kinds of problems, and Ruijin county has carried out landreform review work, further the problems left over by the fair implementation of landreform, correcting the various mistakes made by minority cadres, for the movement ofland reform movement become public satisfaction and benefit the people.The completion of land reform changed the face of ruijin in urban and rural areasagain. Share of farmers after land reform and tools such as production of lifenecessities, poor hire middle peasants’ enthusiasm to improve production, of course,there are a lot of worry, afraid of wealth, is afraid of ascension class composition.Landlords and rich peasants in addition to a few for forced labor most are willing to take part in Labour. Land reform was successful, not only to improve agriculturalproduction, and promote the development of local cultural, educational and health andother undertakings. Land reform the insufficiency and in the long run, of course,information, the author carries on the ponder and discuss with you.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > People's Republic of China period ( 1949 ~)
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