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The Research on Bandits Suppression in Southern Sichuan at the Initial Period of the People's Republic of China

Author: WangHaiXia
Tutor: WuDaDe
School: Sichuan Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: the initial period of the People’s Republic of China Southern Sichuan bandits suppression
CLC: K27
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 21
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The founding of the People’s Republic of China is on October1,1949.In themainland, large-scale liberation war had basically been completed, but the new People’sregime was still facing many serious threats, one of which was the banditry. ChiangKai-shek left a large number of bandits and spies in the southwest of China beforeretreating to Taiwan. These bandits, organizing large-scale riots, brought serious harm topeople’s lives and property and the new regime. Southern Sichuan was the disaster areaof bandit riots. Facing badly bandit riots, the CPC Southern Sichuan District Committee,the Southern Sichuan Administrative Office and the Southern Sichuan Military Region,under the correct leadership of the CPC Central Committee, the Southwest Bureau, theSouthwest Military and Political Committee and the Southwest Military Region,established the unified leadership mechanism and suppressing bandits united front byactively mobilizing the masses. In the bandits suppression war, the government insistedon the principle which was about “military strikes, political disintegration, mobilize themasses”, and implemented the policy which was about “criminals must be punished,threatening to ask, awards for meritorious service”, carrying out the struggle which wasabout “surround and annihilate the gang of bandits and cleaning up the bulk bandits”.From1950March onwards, the military and civilian in Southern Sichuan workedtogether, after2,300times or large or small bandits fighting, until the end of the year,and they wiped out a total of more than290,000bandits. Since then, the gangs ofbandits were basically eliminated and people won a great victory in the fight against thebandits. Because of the victory of the war, the new people’s regime got a firm foothold,crushing the backward reactionary class with armed resistance, establishing therevolutionary order, consolidating what had been achieved.History is like a mirror. This thesis attempts to do a systematic study on wiping out bandits in Southern Sichuan at the initial stage of the People’s Republic of China,reproducing the hard process, further exploring the historical enlightenment which cansolve some today’s social problems,to eliminate unstable factors in society and promotethe development of harmonious society.This thesis mainly from the following several parts will be discussed about theSouthern Sichuan counterinsurgency:The first part is the introduction, which describes the significance of the topic, theresearch status, research ideas and data preparation.The second part outlines the background of the Southern Sichuan counterinsurgency,introducing the situation of the whole country and Southern Sichuan, describing theseverity and particularity of banditry, and makes the conclusion about the necessity ofeliminating the bandits in Southern Sichuan.The third part mainly records the process of the Southern Sichuan counterinsurgency.This part is divided into four stages, namely the mobilization stage, frustration stage,in-depth stage and victory stage.The fourth part focuses on the policy of wiping out bandits in Southern Sichuan.The importances are to establish “the unified leadership mechanism”, to implement thepolicy which is about “criminals must be punished, threatening to ask, awards formeritorious service”. The suppressing bandits’ united front is built by activelymobilizing the masses.The fifth part mainly summarizes the meanings of the counterinsurgency.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > People's Republic of China period ( 1949 ~)
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