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The modern political power structure evolution of Kang District

Author: SunMingMing
Tutor: XuYongZhi
School: Central University for Nationalities
Course: The National Political Science
Keywords: recent epoch "kang" area political power structure evolution
CLC: D633
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 111
Quote: 0
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Abstract


"Kang" is one of three Tibetan areas.In recent years,in order tostrengthen the independence of the "kang" area research,many scholarsput new concept "kang Tibetan".In this dissertation,the modern "kang"political power system evolution,not only refers to the modern kangpolitical study,which analysis different roles of each political powersubject at the "Kang" political evolution,but also indirectly research therelationship between the central government and the local government ofTibet.Researching the the political power structure evolution of "kang" isa new exploration to the modern ethnology-politics-sociology historystudy.The strategies that Modern governments had used has a significanceto the management of border areas. From the perspective ofnational-politics-society history,the author will combined macrodiachronic analysis and medium area with micro event analysis in thisdissertation.Main methods used in dissertation includes literature research,which collecting, and analyzing the historical materials of political powerstructure evolution in "kang" area, such as documents,file,the Chineselocal Chronicles data. Concluding different materials involving the samecontent,historical comparative research is another main method, whichmake a comparison among different states of political power structure. inorder to found the hidden regularity. The last method used in dissertation is System analysis, seeing all kinds of political power objects in "kang"area as a system, and carrying systematic analysis.The innovation of this paper lies in considering political powerobjects as a system. The study of political power structure is to bring allkinds of power objects to a system and carry on the observation, analysisrelationships among different political power objects, make ainvestigation to the influence of external factors,finally, carry a study onthe role of internal and external environment in the political powerstructure evolution. In addition, there are three based three implicit trendsin the evolution of political power structure in the "kang" area: Statepower was constantly sinking to the grass-roots, the relationship betweenthe "kang"and "Tibet"was changing all the time, the administrative hed ofkang was improving gradually. The specific contents as follow:The chapter1,the beginning change of the political power structureat "kang" area. After the opium war, the introduction of foreign religion,the activities of foreign religion increased constantly. The Qing dynastygovernment gradually changed attitude towards foreign religionaccording the international treaty. A serious uprising erupted at Zhan dui,after rebel was died down. Zhan dui was rewarded to Tibet. Along withthe frontier crisis deepened, Lu chuan lin wanted to strengthen nationalpower propose a opinion that\"take back Zhan dui, bureaucratization ofnative officers\".Political power structure was changing,and had more profound fissions between different Political power objects.Chapter2,drastically change of "kang" political power structure at"kang" area. The against attitudes from three different forces towards theForeign religion, the Qing government, the New Deal promote thehappening of\"Feng quan events\".Government authority is greatlyweakened, chieftain, temple and Tibetan officer at Zhan dui took theopportunity to the mess. The Qing government disposed the\"Feng quanevents\"by military action. Zhao er feng took over kang area after messand try to reshape leadership of the Qing government in power structure.Later, the state power occupied the center of the political power structurefirmly, but the potential danger is not eliminate. And this time, theindependence of "kang" area also appeared gradually.Chapter3,The Babel of political power structure at "kang" area.Before and after the revolution "kang" fell into chaos. Yin chang hengwas ordered to west expedition and recovered the administration ofgovernment quickly, and again try to carry out the reform. The officercontrol "kang" area put little attention to the defense. Tibetan armymoved eastward continuously, the officer who controling the "kang" areaonly ruled a small part of the territory. At the same time, bandits in Xiangcheng led to a serious mess. In an attempt to shake the Chinesegovernment’s sovereignty to Tibet, British colluding with close Britishforces in Tibet manipulated Simla Conference. A typical characteristics of political power structure in "kang" area is there is not a force in theleading position.Chapter4,The reconstruction of the political power structure underthe control of Liu wen hui in "kang" area. After taking over the "kang"area, Liu wen hui take back the lost land in the east of jin sha river. Heused different methods to control the monasteries and hereditary headmen.The strength of hereditary headmen was gradually declined, but theinfluence of monasteries still strong. Produced during\"Da Baievents\",\"Gan zi events\" against the local government of the templeevent. The kuomintang central government support advocates of “LocalAutonomy”, trying to decrease the influence of Liu wen hui, but werenot successful. But the central government, local government,autonomous advocates had reached consensus in establishing xi kangprovince.Local warlord liu wen hui who was in the center of politicalpower structure met different challenges.Chapter5,The reform of the political power structure carried byChinese Communist Party in "kang" area. The Long March of Workers’and Peasants’ Red Army of China went through the " kang" area, spreadthe propaganda about the national policy of the Chinese Communist Party,and established the first batch of Tibetan Soviet regime according to theUnited Front Strategy. In order to strengthen the construction of nationalautonomous regime, and developed education career, the Chinese Communist Party carried a series of economic and social reform afterliberation in "kang" area. The government led by the Chinese CommunistParty had firmly occupied the core of political power structure in "kang"area.Chapter6,Nation state building in the evolution of political powerstructure.The process of the evolution of political power structureaccompanied by the construction of modern nation state in "kang" area.The increase of local consciousness and the development of nationalidentity is synchronous.At the same time the separation between churchand state was gradually realized, also the ability of the government wasenhanced. There were three trends during the construction of the modernnation state: democratization, modern, secular political life. These trendsalso can be reflected during the evolution of political power structure in"kang" area.

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