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Occupation: An Empirical Study of economic contribution rate of education in Xi'an city as an example

Author: ZhangHanJie
Tutor: ChenPeng
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course: Vocational and Technical Education
Keywords: Vocational Education Economic Contribution Rate Empirical Study
CLC: G719.21
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 303
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Education develops quickly in China since reform and opening ups. Along with general education scale explosion and higher education popularization, graduates have to face a huge pressure on obtaining employment. At the same time, supplies and demands of suitable human resources out of balance constitutively. Surplus of academic talents and shortage of technical workers have been a bottleneck which limiting further development of economy, as well as upgrade of industry. Be accompanied by a rapid transformation of economy growth mode, contradiction of human resources supplies and demands highlighted distinctly. Reviving of vocational education is quite meaningful and imminently to give confidence to economy growth of China.Vocational education is totally different from general education which reflecting from purposes, contents and, most importantly, methods of instructions. With the deep connection between investment and production, vocational education make itself a certain kind of education along with massive hardware requirement, rapid change of curriculum and huge amount of money. This kind of education must keep an eye on the efficiency ratio of input and output, especially economic contribution rate of Vocational education. Absolutely, ways and index in weighing economic contribution rate of vocational education versus general education are definitely different. That is to say, a scientific and reliable conclusion cannot be given by linguistic descriptions and logical analysis only, but mathematical models and mathematical statistical method are also badly needed to explain the meaning of vocational education to measure economic contribution rate systematically.This study focus on explicit the development status of Xi’an by collecting and analyzing data of education and economy. The core works are calculating economic contribution rate made by education and vocational education from the year of2007to the year of2011and clearing the meaning and wealth of development of vocational education by studying and using the Cobb-douglas production function theories. Based on the results of calculation, specially, the mathematic statistics from industries and input-output ratio of resource, policy suggestions were given to the government to reinforce further development of vocational education and economy, and to combine vocational education with industrial production organically. This thesis consists of five chapters, main content of each chapter as follows.Chapterl is the introduction. This chapter introduces the practical and theoretical background of this research, meanings and effects are also mentioned. Based on domestic and overseas achievements on the problem about economic contributions by vocational education, Combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis be chosen to be the core study method. Also, in this chapter, limitations and potential innovations are given by author. Demarcations of related conceptions also mentioned.Chapter2is the study on economic contributions of education in Xi’an. By analyzing related theories and methods, as well as approaches from related studies, comparable measurement model of measure and calculate of educational contribution to the national income growth was ascertained. By discussing variable quantities and demonstrating correlate parameters, calculations were made. The contribution rate of education to economy growth from2007to2011in Xi’an is12.23%. The international difference modification value is22.87%. By comparing with results of other studies, an authentic status of economic contributions of education in Xi’an is given.Chapter3is the study on economic contributions of vocational education in Xi’an. Combined research method ascertained in chapter3with status of vocational education development in Xi’an, an advanced scientific model is designed to measure this situation. By analyzing statistics accumulated from the government, secondary and higher vocational contribution rates and an overall contribution rate are counted. Results are3.37%,2.14%and5.51%. By adding with data of vocational investment in Xi’an, input-output rates are also counted. Results are364%,499%and406%. After compare with results from general education, development of vocational education, both secondary and higher ones, is meaningful and worthy. With further study on industrial contribution rate and input-output rates, more information about investment and benefits in vocational education are given.Chapter4is conclusions and political suggestion about upgrading economic benefits of vocational education in Xi’an.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Education > Vocational and technical education > Vocational and technical education profiles of the world > China > Educational reform and development
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