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Study on the Problem of Social Security of Landless Peasants in Chongqing Municipality

Author: YangCaiXia
Tutor: BiZuo
School: Southwestern University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: land expropriation landless farmers social security system chongqing municipality
CLC: F323.89
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 16
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Abstract


With the rapid development of industrialization and urbanization, Chongqing, as a municipality directly under the central government, the western leading the development of the city, the land demand and land expropriation, requisition, increasing volume increasing, resulting in a large number of landless peasants, and their number increased year by year, and caused by land very prominent social contradictions, become the focus, focus social attention. As compensation, resettlement of landless peasants low path is not wide, re employment ability is poor, the lack of basic social security problem can not be solved, peasants’ collective petition, riot, killing and wounding the cadres have occurred from time to time, greatly influenced the relation between the cadres and the masses, damaged the image of the government and undermine social stability. Therefore, to solve the Chongqing social security of landless peasants has become a prominent problem to be solved in Chongqing city hall.This paper focuses on the research of a series of social security of landless farmers in Chongqing of Chongqing, describes the current status of the landless farmers, landless peasants have explained the reasons, this paper discusses the necessity to establish social security of landless peasants and how to better protect the rights to survival and development of Chongqing farmers, and relative measures made from the sound land market system, land expropriation system to improve the social security system of landless peasants and so on, to provide some ideas and reference for the construction of the social security of landless peasants in Chongqing system to solve the problem, improve the social security of landless peasants.The full text is divided into seven chapters:firstly, defines the concept of social security of landless farmers and. Starting from the characteristics of the landless peasants, in Chongqing at the present stage, the expropriation of peasant land, landless peasants is the elimination of the economic structure of two yuan, an inevitable phenomenon of the development of modernization. But because of the importance of land for farmers, land is the most basic means of production and subsistence farmers, Chan Ritsumeikan, only do a good job in land requisition compensation work, implementation of social security of landless peasants, to make the Chongqing smooth to push the whole society in the maintenance of the stability of the modernization. Secondly, analyze the problem and reason of present situation, existing social security City landless peasant, pointed out the need to make the land losing peasants smoothly into the city, become real citizens, social security problems must be solved to make farmers, landless peasants no worries. To solve the problem of social security of landless peasants of Chongqing, analyses the reasons of this problem must be, find out the crux of the problem. The author’s view is:two dual economic structure and the land policy of our country is a major factor in the interests of landless farmers damaged. On the theory and practice and put forward specific measures to solve is:the reform of rural land system; property rights; to define the public interest; improve the land requisition compensation mechanism. Finally, the paper make a conclusion:vigorously develop the economy, improve the level of social productivity, land property rights system reform in rural areas, given the legal status of collective land ownership should be in the form of law, clear the land rights of farmers, gradually achieve a law, rule-based, reduce land requisition of uncertainty and randomness, and improve the social security of landless peasants in Chongqing system, and gradually achieve the integration of urban and rural social security system, improve the diversification of financing, to meet the different levels of security needs of landless peasants, landless peasants to enhance employment and entrepreneurship ability, can successfully solve the problem of landless peasants in Chongqing.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Rural social security, welfare
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