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The Analysis of Government Responsibility in the New Rural Social Pension Insurance Policy

Author: ZuoXiaoJun
Tutor: ZhongHuiBing
School: Wuhan University of Science and Technology
Course: Administration
Keywords: the new rural social endowment insurance government responsibility publicadministration international experience
CLC: F323.89
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 53
Quote: 0
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Abstract


China is a large agricultural country, the farmers pension problem in the China’smodernization process can not be avoided, which must be addressed. Family pension modeshows many drawbacks and defects at the impact of China’s economic development on thetraditional rural economy, as well as China’s rural population aging intensifies, Establish andimprove the rural old-age insurance system is the inevitable choice of China’s rural economicdevelopment and social progress.This paper discusses the responsibility of the government in the new rural social pensioninsurance. Firstly, it introduces the research background and significance of the article, and givesa brief introduction on the relevant literature summarized and analyzed. Secondly, itdemonstrates the government must be involved in the cause of rural endowment insurance by thetheory of economic development, the neo-classical school of theory, the dual structure socialtheory as well as the new public management theory based. And it also proves that thegovernment must pay for the functions of system design and organization and leadership,financial security, legislation to protect and exercising supervision and management.Furthermore, the paper analyses the government functions in the rural social endowmentinsurance through the three developed countries Germany, France, Japan, and four developingcountries, South Korea, East Timor and so on. Draw typical experience of foreign rural old-ageinsurance: a sound legal system, wide coverage, the dominant position of the government in fundraising and insurance policies with agricultural policy timely adjustments to the implementationof the new rural social endowment insurance policy has large implications. Since1986, thedevelopment of China’s rural social insurance has a history of nearly30years, which achievedimpressive, but there are also some problems can not be ignored. The absence of institutionaldesign and organizational responsibility, the lack of legislation to protect, the absence of fiscalsecurity, and the lack of supervision responsibility, which ask for the government to furtherstrengthen the functions of the Government in the new rural social pension insurance policies:By improve the institutional system, enhance their understanding, strengthen the assessmentmechanism to strengthen the organization and leadership of the government. By improve thelegislative level and make sure a clear legislative framework to improve the legal system. Clearfiscal responsibility through increase financial support, and improve the fund managementmechanism. By improve the management mechanism, supervision and management model toimprove the supervision and management system.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Rural social security, welfare
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