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China’s Urban-rural Continuum Landless Farmers’Social Security Problems

Author: ZhouPing
Tutor: LongXianZhong
School: Hunan University
Course: Public Administration
Keywords: urban-rural continuum landless peasants Social Security
CLC: F323.89
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 38
Quote: 0
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Abstract


China’s rapidly advancing urbanization process, a large number of the urban-rural continuum land expropriation, the resulting series of questions, one of which is the issue of social security of the urban-rural continuum landless peasants. In particular, in recent years, with the gradual establishment of the social security system and the rapid development to solve the problem of landless peasants Social Security has become a focus and difficulty of the work of local governments, more and more the concern of the community. From various parts, the landless peasants problems caused by the growing social contradictions, and there have been a lot of instability and social factors. More severe, annually in the coming years there will be a lot of land continues to be requisitioned, if not timely establish effective landless farmers’ social security system, will become increasingly acute contradictions constantly accumulated, which will build a harmonious society The ambitious goals departure from. Therefore, to establish and improve the landless farmers’social security system is not only necessary, but also increasingly urgent.Based on this, this paper attempts to proceed from the general law of the development of the social security system, combined with China’s national conditions and characteristics of the landless peasants to seize the urban-rural continuum, to typical areas by absorbing domestic and foreign experience in the social security system of the landless peasantsfor the construction of the urban-rural continuum of landless peasant social security system to provide the practical theoretical guidance and institutional framework.This paper argues that the Construction of the urban-rural continuum social security system, landless peasants, is the fundamental requirement of maintaining social stability, is the inevitable requirement of the new rural construction, urbanization. China’s urban fringe landless peasants Social Security status quo can be summarized as restricted by the loss of basic rights and development rights, the main problems of land acquisition and resettlement compensation is too low standard single mode of land acquisition and resettlement, lack of social security funds, narrow coverage, low-level, local social Security is running mechanism is not sound, and its underlying causes are embodied in the social security of landless peasants consciousness, government compensation mechanism due to the improvement and social management lag.Four principles solve the urban fringe problem of landless peasants, the scientific development concept as a guide, a foothold on actual local conditions, a combination of universal protection and equal protection, fairness and efficiency, the rights and obligations of the unity, the combination of a variety of protectionon this basis, the perfect system of land compensation and resettlement, the establishment of a basic social security system, the establishment of landless peasants individual employment and entrepreneurship development aid system, the establishment of the landless peasants rights legal aid system.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Rural social security, welfare
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