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The Social Formation of Science and Technology Policy

Author: LingFang
Tutor: DingJunQiang
School: Hunan University
Course: Philosophy of Technology
Keywords: Science and Technology Policy Social constructivism Social formation Game
CLC: G322
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 169
Quote: 1
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National Science and Technology Policy is to promote scientific and technological development of the key factors , policies and procedures of the institutional patterns largely determine the quality of policy , but our government and the elite in the main policy issues and policy agenda of establishing the position of authority and leading role , ignoring the social factors on the formation of an active construction technology policy role , making the formation of science and technology policy texts are not well reflected the public interest , so that the effect of the implementation of science and technology is difficult to optimize . In fact, science and technology policy formation process is a process of social construction , is one of many actors in complex social situations diversified and interactive two-way process , joint participation by the public , co-construct a dynamic process. This article from the perspective of social construction theory , from science and technology policy issues , agenda setting , program development, the policy adjustment process after the formation of the deep -seated social interpretation , combined with practical cases illustrate how science and technology policy is constructed in society and a detailed analysis of the process of policy formation in the behavior and outcome of the game , the development trend of science and technology policy to do while avoiding disadvantages specification. This paper argues that science and technology policy through social groups and social relations are constructed , which is a different interest demands mutual consultation between actors and game results. This thesis proposes to improve the social construction of public participation in the proposal : to further raise awareness of the public participation , capacity and knowledge , changes in the governance of science and technology policy concept, timely decision-making powers to re- set ; improve public policy involved in the legal system of institutional environment, including strengthening legislation strengthen the institutionalization of public participation , the program construction, improve and perfect the electoral system , hearing system , deepen social conditions and public opinion system.

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