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The Policy of United States in the Independent Process of India 1941.12-1947.8

Author: JiangLan
Tutor: WangZuo
School: Zhengzhou University
Course: International relations
Keywords: United States Policy towards India National interests
CLC: K712.54
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 52
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Abstract


The paper uses informative and foreign archives, from a macro point of view, sort out and analyze the evolution of the Indian policy of the United States in 1941-1947. Before World War II India as a British colony for a long time, the commercial and cultural exchanges between the United States and India is extremely weak. After the outbreak of World War II, the people of India began a new struggle to demand independence. In this context, the United States began to focus on India, and sympathize with the struggle for self-determination of the people of India. The outbreak of the Pacific War greatly improve India's position in the minds of Americans. The United States hopes that a unified, independent India's emergence. At a time when the Anglo-Indian impasse but damage to the Allied war effort. Mobilization of India's rich human and economic resources for service in the war against fascism, we must urge the British to make concessions to allow Indian independence. For the U.S. intervention in South Asian affairs, to put pressure on the British asked for India's independence, was the refusal of the United Kingdom. With the improvement of the situation of war, the United States is worried because of India at odds with the United Kingdom, affect the cooperation between the United States and Britain in the war against fascism. So stop the intervention of Indian Affairs turned to British pressure does not affect the premise of the Anglo-American alliance. The Second World War, the strategic focus of the United States in Europe and East Asia, to attend to the South Asian region, as the British sphere of influence in South Asia, to support the UK to establish a unified plan of the Union of India. In addition, the Cold War has been loud and clear, and the United States worry about the Balkanization of India will lead to the involvement of the Soviet Union. After the start of the Cold War, a time in the United States can not take care of their interests not areas that Britain has the ability to take responsibility for the security of the region, do not want too much meddling with little active intervention. After the bankruptcy of a unified federal program in India, the United States also is no other way in addition to accept the reality. The American attitude of Indian Affairs from active support to limited support to scale retraction reflects the American tradition of anti-colonialism backward thinking in Indian affairs, and the limited nature of U.S. support for India from the surface. Deep level reflects the U.S. policy towards India is not only subject to the international background of World War II and the Cold War, and subject to the national interests of the United States, but also reflected the American idealism diplomacy behind the greater reality interests, national interests to grasp the key to U.S. foreign policy. The pragmatic attitude of the United States in this process by directly affecting its relations with India and Pakistan after independence.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of America, > North America > United States > Imperialist period ( 1898 ~) > After World War II ( 1945 ~)
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