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Choices of Rural Urbanization in China

Author: ZhangChaoWu
Tutor: LuoSiDong
School: Xiamen University
Course: Public Administration
Keywords: Countryside Urbanization Urbanization policy
CLC: F299.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2006
Downloads: 478
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Rural urbanization path policy choices as the logical starting point for analysis of the conversion process and mechanism of the rural economy to the city economy, and policy options in agriculture, rural industry, rural small towns of rural urbanization. Urbanization in rural areas is particularly important for the big agricultural country. Accelerated urbanization in rural areas is the demand of the times, the development of the western region, stimulating domestic demand, the completion of the third strategic goal, and even China's long-term development goals, require rural accelerate the transformation to the city. Economic globalization, knowledge-based, also provides a valuable opportunity for rural urbanization. Rural urbanization is becoming the strategic choice of the road of urbanization in China. After a brief review of the domestic rural urbanization in the first chapter, the main body of the paper is divided into three parts by logical relations started. Chapter II urbanization in rural areas is a product of the social and economic development in rural areas, and the origin and development of the cities and towns of the process of urbanization in rural areas. After the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, the process of urbanization in rural areas is rapidly advancing. But at this stage of urbanization in rural areas there are also a series of problems, such as the overall level of urbanization in rural areas lag, slow process, regional differences, the pattern of urban spatial lag problem in urgent need of adjustment, the construction of small towns. To solve these problems, the third chapter of the the rural urbanization development path mechanism. The rural urbanization dynamic mechanism includes three parts: the development of agriculture is the initial power of the rural urbanization, rural industrialization is the fundamental driving force of rural urbanization, tertiary industry is its follow-up power. The rural urbanization restraining mechanism consists of three parts: Agriculture is restricting the development of long-term, institutional and environmental development of external constraints, and the problem of rural industry is the development of fundamental constraints. From the foregoing, the running of rural urbanization path is as follows: increased productivity and massive population pressure to make a large number of rural labor to idle, the generation of surplus labor in rural areas to promote the development of private enterprises, the development of private enterprises to a certain extent, is bound by scattered to concentrated, driven large labor force into the town, with the urban scale, the rise of the tertiary industry will absorb a large labor force, the farmland further concentrated, further improve rural productivity, which is a private enterprise, small towns, rural three coordinating unified forward to the urbanization interactive process. Undoubtedly, the correct and reasonable policies to promote the process of urbanization in rural areas. Chapter IV presents the policy arrangements in urbanization in rural areas on the basis of scientific planning, and guide the establishment and changes of the structure of the industry and employment. Agricultural policy to increase investment in agricultural science and technology, and infrastructure construction, and vigorously promote the industrialized operation of agriculture, to cultivate and improve the rural market system, accelerated in situ urbanization in rural areas. Rural industrial policy you need to pay attention to promote the deepening of the reform of property rights of township enterprises, the development and expansion of the private economy, intensifying the restructuring, to support private enterprise and technological progress, improve macroeconomic management. In addition, the need to choose a good policy of the development of small towns in rural areas, concentrated to small towns such as guide township enterprises, promote the system of intensive use of land, the establishment of the social security system of the small rural towns.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Urban and municipal economy > Municipal economic profiles of countries in the world cities > China
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