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Initial Study on Landscape Spatial Pattern of the Oasis

Author: HuChenXia
Tutor: LiuPuXing
School: Northwest Normal University
Course: Physical Geography
Keywords: Oasis landscape Spatial pattern Wuwei Oasis Landscape planning
CLC: P901
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2003
Downloads: 252
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Landscape ecology is a new field of macro-ecology. The interaction between the landscape pattern and the ecology process is the key content of landscape ecology. The analysis of landscape spatial pattern is the basis of studying the interaction between landscape pattern and ecology process. Therefore, the quantitative study of landscape spatial pattern combining GIS, computer and math-model method becomes an emphasis and a new trend of today’s landscape ecology research. The oasis is a kind of arid terror landscape with heterogeneity and diversity; it is still the basis of demos existence and the center of politics and economy in arid terror. With the development of society and economy, human impacts on oasis are increasingly strengthening. Obviously, the oasis landscape is suffering severely from human intense activities; and it is one of the regions with the most sensitive and fragile ecology. Wuwei Oasis lies in the east part of Hexi Corridor and originates from Shiyanghe River. Of the three farming and herding oases in Hexi, Wuwei Oasis has the biggest population, the longest history of agricultural exploitation; and it is one of the oases suffering from the strongest interference of human activities. In addition, Wuwei oasis is an important commodity-grain base of northwest area in China, and the most active region of landscape changing. Hence, to describe spatial characteristics of oasis landscape quantificationally and discuss the relation between the oasis landscape structure and human activity is most significant for more knowledge of the relationship between landscape structure, natural ecologic process and social economic activities, and for reasonable use of oasis land resources, oasis landscape ecology planning, desertification controlling and oasis environment evaluation, and so on. The author mainly discusses the theory of landscape ecology and the method in the study of oasis landscape spatial pattern.At first, the author introduces some relevant concepts, ongoing research status of landscape ecology and discusses the relationship between landscape ecology and terror sustainable development, briefly introducing the development of landscape structure study both at home and abroad. Based on that, the author also discusses the features of oasis landscape.Part Two of the thesis mainly discusses the inscapes, the influential factors and formation types of oasis landscape spatial pattern. On the basis of analyzing oasislandscape and its features, the author puts forward the concept of oasis landscape spatial pattern, and systemically expatiates the inscapes, influential factors and basic formation types of oasis landscape spatial pattern.Part Three mainly discusses the measurements and the index system of oasis landscape spatial pattern. It also synthetically dissertates the analysis method and the current development of landscape spatial pattern, and then creates a maneuverable measurement index system of oasis landscape spatial pattern.In Part Four, taking Wuwei Oasis as a case study, the author uses GIS to get landscape map and data, and calculates pattern index by means of Stat-analysis software. The results show that the unique water and soil conditions in Shiyanghe River drainage basin determine that Wuwei oasis is an optimal region for farming. Wuwei has grown into a steady manmade oasis after an exploitation of more than two thousand years; at the same time human exploitation range gradually expands outwards. The highly exploited region possesses various and equal landuse types, and the proportion of all kinds of landscape types converge, and possess small landscape dominance. But the degenerated landscape types occupy a bigger proportion, and embed in the lowlands, which reflects that the ecology of the region degenerates severely. At present, Wuwei Oasis landscape possesses a larger plowlands landscape proportion and a smaller woodland and grassland landscape proportion, this pattern goes against the sustainable development of oasis landscape.Part Five is about the

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CLC: > Astronomy,Earth Sciences > Physical Geography > General theory and methods > Landscape Architecture,regional theory
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