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Guo Songtao cultural thought

Author: MengHua
Tutor: TangQiXue
School: Anhui University
Course: Specialized History
Keywords: Guo Songtao Culture and ideology Chinese and Western cultures Chinese and Western academic thought Morality and Custom Humanistic Cultivation Idea of ??Morality Political and cultural thinking Western democratic political Humanities and Social Sciences
CLC: K256
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2003
Downloads: 208
Quote: 7
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Abstract


Guo Songtao cultural and ideological content, self-contained, its formation and development is inextricably linked to the cultural background of Guo Songtao, a change process. From the time point of view, can be broadly divided into three phases to examine: before contact with Western learning for the early, mainly based on traditional Chinese culture; mission abroad boundaries, can be divided into two phases, the Western culture recognize the depth of the process. , Has before and after the inheritance and development of relations between these three stages are not completely separated. From a content point of view, the development of culture and thought aspects of the philosophical basis of human enlightenment, and Western academic thought, morality and custom, as well as political culture and ideology. This paper from the combination of both horizontal and vertical directions above to sort out their cultural ideology, in order to accurately grasp the ideas. Not in contact with the Westernization Guo Songtao go the road of the traditional scholar, concentrated in the classics, history, by the influence of traditional culture. The traditional culture, he is not a copy, but has its own views. Until contact with Westernization contact with Western thought of Guo Songtao further development, he inherited the Wang Fu-chih \His understanding of Western culture experienced by the ins and outs of \Guo Songtao was first proposed in 1875, the Western nation \Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Guo Songtao person come into contact with Western culture, through continuous inspection, a more profound understanding of Western culture connotation, clearly the Western proper way, no way. Rejected the \Guo Songtao comprehensive survey of Western culture, Western culture many comparisons. In the humanities and enlightenment, Guo Songtao criticism of China National Heavy virtual style of study and appreciation of Western education policy; promote the study of Western education system. He advocated tolerance real learning and moral education in the imperial examination system, the corresponding implementation of real learning can also be Centered Around. Chinese and Western academic thought, Guo Songtao academic research of traditional Chinese deep and Western natural sciences and the humanities and social sciences are quite concerned, and have some insights. In China advocate a comprehensive study of the West, to actively promote Chinese culture in the West. Promote the exchange of Chinese and Western cultures. Morality and custom, he analyzed the old habits, and a detailed examination of the customs system in the West, to put forward new ideas to learn from Western custom of transformation of the false pride of the gas, the introduction of new ideas for Modern Characters. In the cultural ideal, Guo Songtao keen to see the highlights of Virtue \By comparison, he found that the \Advocated to the West to learn from the \Guo Songtao egalitarian view of the West, pushed for proficiency in foreign situation, but also to understand China's national conditions, neither blindly copying, we can not rest on its laurels, should investigate and understand the basis of seeking truth from facts, analysis, selective absorption of Western culture. Admittedly, Guo Songtao in Western culture and ideology are not mature enough, there are inconsistencies in some theoretical framework. But its culture and ideology in theory stand to new heights, at the time rare horses, in some specific discourse, multi-flash.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > Old Democratic Revolution period ( 1840 ~ 1919 ) > Second Opium War period (1860 ~ 1900 )
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