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The Study of Social Security System of the Fishermen of Guangdong after the Beibu Gulf Demarcation

Author: YanXuanZuo
Tutor: ZhuJianZhen
School: Guangdong Ocean University
Course: Administration
Keywords: Fishermen’s Social Security Beibu Gulf Demarcation Fishermen Industry & Career Relocation Social Security
CLC: F323.89
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 30
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Over the years, the social security system in is China mainly for urban residents. The interests of farmers has been ignored, which naturally includes the fishermen engaged in fishing, because the fishery is divided into the range where the large-scale farming. As agriculture is increasingly attached importance to the State and society, most people take for granted that the fishermen will enjoy the same social security and social benefits. However, due to differences between fishermen and farmers, fishermen ambiguity as to both be excluded from the list of urban residents in the national policy to give farmers enjoy the benefits and social security measures to benefit farmers all be quarantined into a special circle, while a group of countries this is still a considerable lack of attention and protection.With the northern Gulf fisheries and Vietnam signed the agreement, entered into force, Guangdong Province, narrow sea fishery production, fisheries production resulting in three major issues - resources, cost, security issues become increasingly prominent. In order to protect fishery resources, to achieve the sustainable use of fisheries resources and promoting sustainable economic development of coastal fisheries, protect the stability of the fishermen’s lives, reduce the existing marine fishing effort, to adjust industry structure, and guide the marine fishermen Transferring jobs have become the current fisheries economic development in Guangdong Province the daunting task. Guangdong Provincial Government, county town government unveiled a series of work to help fishermen job transfer policy and given financial support. Adjustment of industrial structure, both for the fishermen engaged in traditional fisheries production has brought new employment opportunities, but also as a "loss of sea" fishermen back to work challenges. Traditional fishermen and the low level of knowledge and cultural capital of the lack of choice in the re-employment has been greatly limited, unemployment is caused by the fishermen, one of the important reasons for returning to poverty. Establish a sound social security system is the ocean should be increasingly depleted natural resources, the northern Gulf demarcation of the new situation and job transfer policies in Guangdong Province smooth implementation of important measures. Fishermen to establish a sound social security system is an important issue the Guangdong Provincial Government is facing to.This article is divided into seven parts. The first part introduces the topics of the background, purpose and significance of a literature review and describes the research methods and innovations. The second part of the fishermen in Guangdong Province, proposed the establishment of the basic theory of the social security system. The third part discusses the Guangdong Province to establish a sound social security system of the importance that the fishermen to establish a sound social security system is to deal with an aging population and achieve social equity and stability, develop the socialist market economy and promote growth of the rural population and a reasonable Transferring the smooth implementation of the needs; fourth part is the meaning of social security and functional interpretation. The fifth part of the social security system in Guangdong Province fishermen problems and the analysis of the main difficulties. This paper argues that the social security system in Guangdong Province fishermen there the following issues: Insurance backward development of the fishery, fishermen, the social security system is not perfect, low level of development of social security fishermen, fishermen and urban social security system, widening gap between the development of the fishermen lack of effective social security system supervision and management. Part VI: Guangdong Province, proposed the establishment of fishermen Suggestions social security system, including the establishment of fisheries insurance policy, improve the minimum living security system fishermen measures to establish a new cooperative medical system, improve the rural pension insurance system response. Part VII describes the research results.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Rural social security, welfare
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