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Chinese Urbanization Growth Mechanism and Policy Choices

Author: LiTieLin
Tutor: ZhangYiZhen
School: Agricultural University of Hebei
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: The countryside urbanization The power mechanism The restraint mechanism Policy choices
CLC: F299.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2004
Downloads: 343
Quote: 8
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Abstract


The countryside urbanization is not only the key to explain our country’s "three agricultural questions", but also has vital significance in our well-off society’s comprehensive construction.The article tries to discover the deep level reasons, which influence the urbanization development, through analyzes, namely the power mechanism and the restraint mechanism, and proposes the corresponding policy choices at the same time.In the first part, the paper has confined the countryside urbanization implication, based on the comparison advantage principle, the economies of scale principle and the gather principle to analyze the city production economic principle, as well as, it has carried on the simple introduction to the countryside surplus labor force shift theory, which has provided the theory basis for the later analysis.Secondly part of all, it has analyzed the Chinese urbanization course, and contrasted with other countries urbanization obtains. Through the comparative analysis by the time, some inspirations has been obtained to analyzes the influence factor in our country urbanization; Simultaneously, this part has also analyzed our country countryside urbanization’s present situation and the characteristic, aimed to propose some suitable policy choices of our country at the present condition.In the third part, from the industrialization, information and market aspect and so on, it analyzed the power mechanism of urbanization, and highlighted the initial propelling force of agriculture to the urbanization; Meanwhile from the development level of economy, the labor market, the population, the system and the idea and so on, it analyzed the restraint mechanism in our country countryside urbanization.In the next part, which echoed with the third part, through using the application correlation analysis of our country all previous years urbanization level and its the influence factor data, it obtained that the agricultural, industrialization, as well as education influence factor, which has strong relevance to the urbanization. On using the regression analysis method on the influence factor to the urbanization, and carried on the positive analysis.Through the factor analysis method, the influence factors of our country urbanization development level are divided into the individual development factor and the society development factor, draws the conclusion that, the development level of individual has the bigger impetus function to the urbanized development, which provided the basis for persist the "the humanist principle" in the urbanized process. This part finally did a kind of gather analysis to various provinces urbanization.In the fifth part, according to the above analyzes, the author proposed the basic criterion and several concrete suggestions on impelling the countryside urbanization. The basic criterion including the appropriate urbanization development principle, the orientation of the market turns principle, the government’s principles, "which are " advancing sometimes, retreat sometimes "," doing what is appropriate and discard what is inappropriate ", "the industry sets up the city "," people first".And from the relation between urbanization and agricultural, between urbanization and industrialization, between urbanization and informazation, and the angles of the system and education, the concrete policy choice of promoting the development of urbanization of villages of our country have been put forward.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Urban and municipal economy > Municipal economic profiles of countries in the world cities > China
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