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An Empirical Study of the FDI Technology Spillover Effect of Chinese High-tech Industries

Author: YangBin
Tutor: GaoTieMei
School: Dongbei University of Finance
Course: Quantitative Economics
Keywords: high-tech industries foreign direct investment technology spillovers dynamic panel model
CLC: F276.44;F832.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 180
Quote: 0
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After 30 years of reform and development, China has made great achievements in attracting foreign investment. Foreign-invested enterprises have become an important component of China’s national economy. Nurture and development high-tech industries, in order to stimulate economic growth, which has become an important way to go out of financial crisis, optimize industrial structure, enhance the comprehensive economic strength. We make the two-way dynamic Panel Data model of spillover effects between the high-tech industries in China and foreign-funded enterprises in the two periods, from 1995 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2008, we use the dynamic panel GMM (GMM-DIFF) estimation method on foreign and domestic enterprises to analyze the spillover effect.The first part is the introduction, which introduces the topics of the background and significance of domestic and international technology spillovers. We have combed the literature and summarized, and give the framework of this study. The second part is the main theories of foreign direct investment and technology spillover Theoretical. We focus on reviewing the theory of foreign direct investment in the four major theories:monopolistic advantage theory, product life cycle theory of international production and trade-offs, and the marginal expansion of industry. These four chapters of theories based technology spillover basis for the theme. Then we introduce the Theory of technology spillovers. Technology spillovers are given broad meaning and studied in this paper the specific meaning of technology spillover effect. Also the ways of technology spillovers are summarized:effects of competition, demonstration effects, training effects and industry effects associated with the four channels. The third part introduces the high-tech industry and industries and the development of domestic foreign-funded enterprises:the concept, the range and the characteristics of high-tech industries. And give state of development of high-tech industry in China from 1995 to 2008, mainly from the whole of industry, and from the distinction of domestic and foreign industry. The fourth part we build domestic model on the expected foreign domestic investment drawing Feder (1983) approach, and give the model estimation method-Dynamic Panel GMM Estimation basic idea. Data sources and the test results are given. The fifth part is empirical part of the spillover in the high-tech industry. Taking into account the existence of a certain degree of structural change in foreign domestic investment, domestic capital to foreign two-way overflow equations, from 1995 to 2008, from 1995 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2008, respectively, in the three time periods we create dynamic panel model. And give estimates of spillover effects of various factors. Part VI is a conclusion based on empirical results, and we propose policy recommendations.This paper argues that there are two-way spillovers between domestic and foreign-funded enterprises. Because of the existence of the "threshold effect", the spillover effect is not significant in the initial stage of the development of high-tech industries, because the basis of domestic enterprises is relatively poor, the spillover effect of foreign-funded enterprises is not significant. With the continuous development of domestic enterprise, after domestic enterprises across the threshold, the foreign-funded enterprise spillover effects become into positive, while domestic enterprise have a negative spillover effects.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, banking > China's financial,banking > Exchange rate,foreign financial relations
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