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A Study on Structure Optimization and Innovative Design of the Rural Fundamental Economic Institutions in China

Author: ZhouYanNan
Tutor: RuanWenBiao
School: Anhui Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Rural basic management systems Structural optimization Innovative design
CLC: F320
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 75
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Based on the household contract combines unified and separate two-tier management system, as a system of innovation, although there have greatly promoted the development of agricultural production, but is not guaranteed to solve all the problems in rural development. With the deepening of rural reform and development of market economy, agricultural efficiency is low, slow increase of farmers, rural development and other issues behind increasingly exposed the inherent weaknesses of the current rural management system has been gradually revealed and the deep-seated contradictions, the sustainable development of the rural economy must stable household contract combines unified and separate two-tier management system, to further improve the rural basic management systems, optimization and innovation through the structure of the rural basic management systems, and inject new vitality into the development of the rural economy and strengthening of institutional protection . In this paper, the new institutional economics theory and method, on the basis of adhering to the household contract management, analysis of the existing problems in the rural basic management systems structure and to explore effective ways and means of structural optimization and innovation. First scientific elaborate theoretical connotation of the rural basic management systems and its components, followed by the existing rural basic management systems based on the household contract management combines unified and separate two-tier management system, including system analysis and evaluation, and finally put forward the rural the basic idea of ??the basic system for structural optimization and innovation, the paper is divided into five parts. The first part is an introduction, the purpose and significance of the study, the research method and technology roadmap, theoretical innovation and shortcomings described. The second part of the basic theory relevant to the study of theoretical achievements at home and abroad is reviewed and summarized the theoretical basis for the study. The third part describes the theoretical connotation of the rural basic management systems and its components, and related concepts Discrimination, lay a prerequisite of understanding for the analysis below. The fourth part is the presence of defects and performance evaluation of the existing rural basic management systems, mainly from rural production system of property rights, the three aspects of rural commodity trading system and rural income distribution system on the rural basic management systems, system analysis and evaluation. The fifth part is the structure optimization and the innovative design of the rural basic management systems, raised in a stable household contract on the basis of the progressive realization of the state-owned perpetual lease; under the premise of recognition and respect for the farmers market dominant position, establish and improve rural cooperative economic organizations, multi-channel cultivate rural market players, improve the degree of organization of farmers; built in the income distribution system state, the collective, farmers three balanced income distribution mechanism to ensure the effective realization of the right to the proceeds of the business entities in rural areas, at the same time, reform and innovation of agricultural taxation system and agriculture policies to promote the mechanism linking the interests of leading enterprises and farmers, enhance the level of industrial management of agriculture. Relative to the research results, the innovation of this paper is mainly reflected in the range: the research literature of the rural basic management systems, but most of the scholars are based on the household contract management system combined with the two-tier management system is equivalent to the rural basic management the system. This paper argues that the rural basic management systems should have richer content and rules and norms. Rural basic management systems should be in the household contract management system based on the combination of the two-tier management system development and extension, including the production system of property rights in rural areas, rural commodity trading system, rural income distribution system. Therefore, from an economic point of view on the rural basic management systems theoretical explanations proposed composition of the rural basic management systems, system analysis and scientific evaluation of the existing system, which put forward the basic idea of ??the rural basic management systems structure optimization and innovative design .

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