Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Modification of Urea-formaldehyde Resin by Kraft Lignin

Author: QiLianLi
Tutor: CaiZhiHui
School: Nanjing Forestry University
Course: Forest Chemical Process Engineering
Keywords: Kraft lignin Modification Hydroxymethy lignin urea-formaldehyde resin
CLC: TQ433.431
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 442
Quote: 4
Read: Download Dissertation


Lignin is the abundant natural resource only next to cellulose in amount industrial. Lignin is the by product of pulping and paper making, but its recycle ratio is low now. Most of the industrial lignin is discharged with waste water, which not only causes pollution but also squanders resource. The recycle of industrial lignin has great economic, social and environmental benefits. This article has made a study of the application of kraft lignin in articifial plate adhesive in order to impulse the course of the industrialization produce and application of the course.Firstly, after all kinds of methods to characterize derivatives of kraft lignin having been described and discussed, the conclusions were showed as follows: the content of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen was 32.64%, 4.28% and 33.82%, respectively. The content of lignin was 38.86%.And the main structural unit was guaiacolyl.The percentage of main function groups was followed: phenolic hydroxyl was 2.47%, alcoholic hydroxyl was 3.72%, methoxyl was 3.12%.The results were the Mn 773.2 , the Mw is 8739.6 ,the D is 11.303.Secondly, according to the chemical structure characteristics of chemical structure of kraft lignin, chemistry modification was conducted firstly.The most excellent conditions for the modification was that the proportion of kraft lignin and formaldehyde was 3:1, temperature was 80℃, reaction time was 3 hours, pH is 11. The rate of hydroxymethy lignin was 30%.At last, in the paper, low cost and reproducible kraft lignin could be used to replace nonreprod -ucible and noxious formaldehyde in the production of lignin modified urea-formaldehyde resin adhesive. The results show the capability of modified adhesive has reached to the country’s standard. When the time , temperature of reaction and lignin amount of modified adhesive is respectively 2.5h, 90℃and 30%, the shearing strength of modified adhesive is higher, the quantity of dissociation formaldehyde is 0.5%. It is lower than urea formaldehyde resin adhesive.

Related Dissertations

  1. Optimizition of Compositions and Processing Parameters and Wear Properties of Cemented Carbides YG11R Modified by Nanosized Rare Earth,TG135.5
  2. Research of High Speed Image Pre-processing System Based on FPGA,TP391.41
  3. First- principles calculations of doped anatase titanium dioxide photocatalytic properties,O643.36
  4. Synthesis of Polysulfones and Modification for Epoxy Adhesives,TQ433.437
  5. Synthesis and Performance Study of Bisphenol AP-based Polybenzoxazines,TQ320.1
  6. Preparation of Crop Stalk-Based Sorption Materials with High Performances and Their Applications for Pah Removal from Water,X712
  7. Synthesis and Biocompatibility of different types of hydrophilic surface - modified polyurethane,R318.08
  8. Hydrophilic structure of different types of surface -modified polyurethane material and coagulation 12 factor nine peptide fragments,and fibrinogen P1 fragment of computer simulation of the interaction,O631.3
  9. Research on the Interface Modification of Epoxy Resin/Metallic Substrates and Epoxy Resin/Pigment,TQ630.1
  10. Studies on the Preparation of 20% Chlorpyrifos CS and Its Analytic Methods,S482.3
  11. The Effects of Exposure to Bisphenol-a between Adolescence and Early Adulthood on Behaviors in Mice and Its Molecular Mechanism,R965
  12. Effect of Single and Double Mutations of Yeast H3K79L、H4K20L on the Function of ELP3 and Expression of SSA3,Q75
  13. Research on the Modified Methods of Fly Ash for Ammonia-nitrogen Wastewater Treatment,X703
  14. Polyaniline / short fiber reinforced natural rubber properties,TQ330.1
  15. Phosphate modification of nano- TiO 2 Photoelectrochemical Properties of the,TB383.1
  16. Multi-dimensional charge transport group modify iridium complex design, synthesis and optical properties,O627.8
  17. Modification of SEBS Rubber Via Living Radical Polymerization,TQ330.6
  18. Modification of Thermosetting Resins by Polyetherimide,TQ323.7
  19. Construction of Multi-responsive Gene Vector Via Layer-by-Layer Assembly,TB383.1
  20. Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles on Modified Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Antimicrobial Effects,TB383.1
  21. Study on Laser Surface Modification of Two Kinds of Super-alloys,TG174.4

CLC: > Industrial Technology > Chemical Industry > Adhesive Industry > Synthetic adhesive > Rubber, resin as raw material adhesive > Synthetic resin adhesive of the raw materials > Phenol-formaldehyde , urea- aldehyde adhesive
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile