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A Study on Level of Public Expenditure on Chinese Rural Social Pension Scheme

Author: KaoYanMing
Tutor: MuHuaiZhong
School: Liaoning University
Course: National Economics
Keywords: Farmers' pension Social Security Financial subsidy Moderate level Long-term supply
CLC: F323.89;F842.6
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 513
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Throughout the the Universe states pension insurance course accumulation reaches a certain level when feeding of Agriculture, the country's rural social endowment insurance system generally then established in a country's industrialization. Usually with three international economic indicators to measure whether the conditions: ① the share of agriculture in the GNP is below 15%, the share of the agricultural labor force structure below 20%; ② agricultural population share of the total population ratio declined to less than 50%, and in the peak period of the aging population; ③ level of economic development, per capita GDP of $ 2,000. According to this calculation, the rural social endowment insurance system to establish the conditions was initially formed in 2008. The establishment and improvement of the social security system is always concomitant with the situation and stage of economic and political development. With the gradual increase of one-child families and accelerate urbanization, traditional family pension and land endowment has been unable to meet the basic needs of the Chinese farmers pension. In 1986 to explore the implementation of the rural old-age security system, the system itself and the economic and social system is out of step with little success, to break the deadlock until 2009 the establishment of the new rural social pension system. Because of the participation of the public finances, compared to the \Combined area residents widening gap between income and consumption, basic protection needs of the regional farmers' pension amount also there is a larger gap. With the rural elderly burden coefficient continuously improve further enlarged and the regional balance of payments gap, the gap between the new farmer's insurance to determine the payment mechanism and the actual needs of the farmers' pension will be increasing. Today, the rapid economic growth, the resident the rigidity consumer demand continue to improve the traditional guaranteed minimum amount is determined on the basis of the old-age insurance benefit level is clearly no longer appropriate. Since the founding, in order to accelerate the pace of urban and industrial construction, the implementation of China's industrial and agricultural products, \The emphasis of the different historical periods of national macro-control should also be different. Today, the economy improved rapidly, the country increasingly well-off financially, secondary and tertiary industries accounted for expanding the the former super return the contribution farmers make for the national economic construction, supposed to retrieve the value of their own reward. In a sense, the urban-rural and regional income gap continues to expand at this stage also weakened the payment ability of some farmers. In the hearts and in management of public finance in China should play a major role in the construction of rural social old-age security system, make full use of the secondary distribution of macro-control lever, to lay the foundation for building a harmonious society, enhancing economic efficiency. In view of the above considerations, the article Perspective reasonable standards of Chinese farmers social old-age security funding models to study a reasonable level of expenditure of public finance social old-age security for farmers. The text is mainly divided into six chapters: Chapter 1 is an introduction part. Article research background, significance, research methods, the basic structure and the main content, main innovations and insufficient. Chapter II for domestic and foreign literature review. Summary of the literature on rural pension insurance system at home and abroad, respectively Commentary. Chapter analysis for Chinese farmers pension insurance of public expenditure theory. Dual differential perspective from the theory of public policy and the workers and peasants, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the necessity of public expenditure in the construction of farmers 'pension system the theoretically defined moderate level of farmers' old-age security in China. Quantitative on Regional Peasant pension the theoretical security line, individual contributions, and financial subsidies standard measured. Chapter IV the principal funding levels in the new rural social pension insurance system analysis. Sub-economic areas of personal, central and local governments, the main level of funding in the new agricultural insurance funding mode analysis to illustrate the need for adjustment of the unequal system of the pension insurance supply and demand exist. Chapter financing strategy for rural social endowment insurance system to adjust. In the the basis analysis above, the combination of a new mode of financing of agricultural insurance, and to make reasonable the main fund-raising strategy, it is necessary to consider the practical needs of the farmers' pension needs, but also to consider the feasibility of the policy. Chapter public finance subsidy mechanism feasibility study under the new strategy. Start with population projections, the first use of the the CPPS software to predict the future size and structure of the regional rural calculated based on the expected size of the central and local financial subsidies; then analyzed for changes in the size and structure of the financial revenue and expenditure trends, indicating financial subsidy mechanism is feasible under the new strategy.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Insurance > China's insurance industry > Various types of insurance
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