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From Compound to Integration

Author: ZuoJianWu
Tutor: TangYaLin
School: East China University of Science and Technology
Course: Marxism in China
Keywords: Compound integration Compound dual structure Urban-rural relations urbanization
CLC: F124
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 109
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Into the new century, China’s development shows a series of new features, mainly for rural areas still lagging behind in development, the task of narrowing the urban-rural, regional development gap and promoting coordinate between economic and social development being still arduous. So we must take the road of scientific development, insist integration, correctly understand and handle the significant relationship in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, integrate the urban-rural development, regional development, economic and social development, the harmonious development between man and nature, and domestic development and opening up.Clearly, the relationship between urban and rural occupies an important position in dealing with the major cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, it is the crux of the most difficult to achieve the development, is also the most fundamental nature of the development.The mismatch and the imbalance between contemporary urban and rural areas have profound historical background. In general, the urban-rural dual economic and social structure caused by significant difference and non-equilibrium between urban and rural society is a common phenomenon in developing countries. However the structure born out of history of China is particularly special and typical. It is a semi-solidified structure superimposed by the natural urban-rural duality, the policy duality and the market duality under the policy of urban-rural division In the planned economy period, and then gradually evolves into the compound dual structure with the increasing size of the migrant workers working outside, affecting the present and the future direction of the relationship between the urban and the rural.A new dual structure namely the compound urban-rural dual structure is that in the original basis of urban-rural dual structure, the new one embedding (escape) in, resulting in binary difference between original ones (including local farmers) and external (outflow) migration (mainly migrant workers), making the formation of a new space for the dual structure between the migration and the inflow、outflow.Migrant workers and the input couples of the compound dual structure, as well the immigrate workers and the output. This dual structure is a complex series of binary relations, including the following important relationship:Firstly, the binary relation between urban residents and suburban farmers in the inflow; Secondly, the foreign migrant workers and the suburban farmers of the inflow; Third is the urban residents and the foreign migrant workers of the flow; Forth is migrant workers and the urban residents of the outflow; Fifth is having been flowing peasants and the original farmers; Sixth is urban residents of the flow and the suburban farmers; Seventh is migrant workers in the process of the flow and the urban residents of the outflow.Routing and policy support system for the urban-rural compound dual structure from the compound to integration needs to be considered the overall for the inflow、outflow and the national. In the level of the inflow and the outflow, the trial, breakthroughs and innovation ought to be encouraged, and be enhanced local integration and on this basis, the process of flat composite structure be promoted; At the national level, relevant public policies coordinating the region should be introduced timely on the basis of the local reform and innovation."A change in urban-rural relations, the whole face of society changes too." Currently, traditional urban-rural relations characterized by the curing urban-rural dual structure begins to gradually evolve to a new urban-rural relation characterized by the flow of migrant workers for a new unitary and the urban-rural compound dual structure, urban-rural relation gradually moves to a new phase, enters a new historical starting point. The content and its value orientation of the new urban-rural relations with Chinese characteristics is for the performance of the urban-rural relation of the mutual benefit, equality, positive interaction and common development, integration of facilities and common prosperity. There is an urgent need for new urban-rural relations problem is how to establish urban-rural-integration public administration system, how to effectively enhance the development capacity of rural community, how to promote cross-regional integration policy innovation for the urban-rural dual structure from the compound to the integration.Construction of new urban-rural relations with Chinese characteristics is also the essential requirement for practicing the scientific concept of development, building a harmonious socialist society. From china’s basic national conditions, taking our own path, combining the operating rules of the urban-rural relation with playing to the enthusiasm of people in the urban and the rural, it will surely promote China in building a moderately prosperous society and on the journey towards modernization to a new glory.

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