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Industrial development and urbanization

Author: LiQingJuan
Tutor: YangGongPu;WangYu
School: Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
Course: Industrial Economics
Keywords: Urbanization theory Industrial development Industrial Development Zone Agglomeration economies Industrial countries The last stage Spatial Agglomeration China's urbanization Economic development Theoretical analysis
CLC: F062.9
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2002
Downloads: 1860
Quote: 0
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Abstract


China is changing to the modernization with the most population in the world, the impulsion of which is industrialization. The great motivation of the industrialization is that people seek the high-level life mode. The space and mode of the social and work have been changed by the industrialization, which will bring China large scale urbanization and modernization process. The economic globalization and the shift of the world industry have brought great development chance to Chinese industrialization . Chinese urbanization process has paced to the express way. In order to upgrade Chinese urbanization. This thesis analyzed the relation between the urbanization and industrial development, and expatiated on the industry development theory, urbanization theory and the reciprocity of industrialization and urbanization. Absorbing the newest research about the agglomeration, the thesis discusses that the divided work and specialization not only intensify the original social collaboration but also strengthen them more development, which bring the urban area or the whole economy the great benefit.With Chinese economy improvement in recent years, it has been attached importance to the question of the urbanization back to the industrialization by the inside and outside academe, produced by the duality structure of the urban and rural. The textual research purpose is to applysome direction for the government, thus the newest research date had been absorbed. Some policy advice are brought forward, such as the industry zone changing to the urban space and Chinese urbanization mode choice etc.The urbanization is the outcome of the economy development, which began from the industry revolution. The urbanization is the necessity of the economy development, Whether the rich or poor nation has realized or been going to the high-level urbanization. According to the relation of the industrialization and urbanization, There are three kinds of the urbanization : the synchronization, lag and excess. The core of the urban industry development moves around the dominant industry and changes to the lead industry. This chapter is basic theory for the thesis.The divided and special work is a way of the modern production. The agglomeration of the social and economy activity not only add the present social division and collaboration but also puts the fonned tight relation forward, thus which brings the great economy benefit for the urban area even the whole economy. Meanwhile the urban economy is an open system, and the relative steady agglomerate economy make itself be an order and balance system state. The city always agglomerates the most advanced technology invention and innovation, and the human resource with the innovation capacity, where is "the diffused fertile soil of the innovation and culture". The agglomeration let the urban economy triumphantly gestate the important factors and impulse itself changed. How to agglomerate the inside and outside advanced resource, develop the competitive industry to open the large market and get the more profit and wealthy, thekey is to supply a competitive location environment and establish the location competitive capability, which mainly relies on the agglomeration formation.The information and globalization profoundly effect the urban spread way. The information industry has become the leading industry. The a-malgamation of the information and knowledge, and the high technology and service, brings the productive service develop, which is important in economy. But the manufacture still is a factor to support the productive service, the location of which may be at the native or other country. The industrial transfer has become the main way that the backward area becomes industrialization and urbanization. With the world trade increase, the form of new international labor division, and the penetration of transnational company, some global information node city has become the World City or international metropolis. The economic network between the cities began to govern the global economy, which make some world node city became the entity that exceed the nation in space power. The structure of the global city system forms gradually. The global information didn’t bring the social production and life to decentralization, and will accelerate the agglomeration.The agglomeration is an important factor of urban structure change. The agglomerate industry and apace direction in the industry development zone moved the city’s modern process forward, its structure being changed. It is an only way to enlist the global city system contest to develop high technology industry and high technology area. Opening to the world has become the precondition of realization rapid development of thebackward country. The industry zone is the new urban space. How to produce the industry agglomeration in order to create competitive advantage is the target of the high technology zone.There is difference that Chinese urban area compared to that of the developed country. As the contest unit the urban regional economy requires Chinese urbanization strategy being transited from town to city, pushing the big city and the urban region based on big city forward. The government strategic management can promote urbanization and save the total cost especially in rapid urbanization phase. The industry brings the urban prosperity, and industrial spaces possess ascendancy in the whole urban structure. The industrial policy has important direct role in advancing industry development.

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CLC: > Economic > Economics > Branch of science in Economics > Industrial Economics
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