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Research on Anti-Terrorism Legislation in the United Kingdom

Author: DuXiaoZuo
Tutor: ZhouChangJun
School: Shandong University
Course: Procedural Law
Keywords: Britain Terrorism Criminal legislation Anti-terrorism bill Criminal procedure principle Systematic thinking
CLC: DD914
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 69
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Whether from history Throughout still focus on the reality, the problem of terrorism in the United Kingdom is the most significant of the many European countries. The formation of a number of anti-terrorism and security sector in the UK in the long-term confrontation with terrorism. Anti-terrorism legislation, begins with a brief introduction to first terrorism-related theories, including terrorism, terrorism, crime, terrorism and the protection of human rights, terrorism and criminal legislation and British counterterrorism agencies diversification. Such an arrangement, the intent is twofold: First, while conducting theoretical introduction summarizes the research results of domestic scholars in related fields, so as to find the entry point of this study, explicitly to research value; second is the introduction of the below British anti-terrorist criminal legislation to establish frame of reference, easy to make and readers. The second chapter focuses on the Historical Survey of the British anti-terrorism legislation. Its anti-terrorism legislation can be traced back to the late 19th century and early 20th century. Popular legislative ideas was the use of torture terrorists regulations made under the ordinary criminal law to prosecute. This idea has been used up to now, and now in the British legislation, a large part of the anti-terrorism legislation is still using criminal means. Chapter tight title above, into the present century, the British first develop a permanent bill Terrorism Act 2000, and then revised frequent frequency, respectively the introduction of the 2001 Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2005 \Almost every large terrorist attacks will be the birth of a bill, the Government has been accustomed to appease people panic mood and increased legislation and charges to cover up the government's inability to posture. Together with the Ministry bill to increase not only the expansion of the definition of the charge and the increase in, the lengthy class volumes Court jurisprudence and human rights questioned. Chapter by comparing the British counter-terrorism legislation and analysis of the before and after in the 21st century into the 21st century trend of anti-terrorism legislation, asked the analysis of this paper, that the anti-terrorism legislation in the United Kingdom have a clear trend of increasing not only in number, in counter-terrorism measures means are becoming increasingly diverse. The expansion of the definition of terrorism has brought the international and domestic pressure of public opinion and judicial challenges. Terrorism sanctions unlike the 1990s and previously confined to criminal prosecution, the definition of terrorism also raises a lot of subjectivism factors. The obvious trend is the counter-terrorism legislation increasingly detached from the criminal law, anti-terrorism means of transcending the criminal area, showing the criminal legislation, financial control, a three-pronged approach of state government policy. Conducting trend analysis of various aspects of this paper expresses the views of the various trends. In view of the above analysis, the Chapter made from a more in-depth perspective of the lessons we can from the British anti-terrorist criminal policy and matters worthy of attention. While treatment of terrorism should consider the various factors Law system thinking can not give up the principle of criminal law and philosophy also can not be shelved. The diversification of the means of the criminal law to combat crime, terrorist crimes strikes some can be incorporated into the types of penalties. Terrorist crimes have been implemented, the means of attack can be incorporated into the penalty means; preparatory acts is not the implementation of the basic principles of the penalty, according to the criminal law on the issue of terrorism threat, should also be excluded from the bill specification object; certain financial means can the prevention of terrorism, crime, and should draw on the experience of the general crime prevention, the implementation of multi-sectoral cooperation in a comprehensive way to deepen; property punishment.

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