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Public policy -making process of citizen participation

Author: LiFeng
Tutor: LanHua
School: Shandong University
Course: Administration
Keywords: Public Policy Citizen Participation Civil Society Citizenship
CLC: D621.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 261
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the rapid economic development, political reform and the deepening of the quality of life of the masses has been gradually improved, the overall stability of the social environment for the contemporary Chinese political developments, including public participation in political life and public policy, scientific, democratic and provide a rare opportunity. Public policy is to solve public problems and to develop a social action programs, public policy and democratic science directly affect the realization of social justice, has also been the focus of research scholars. The process of public policy making citizen participation is related to the vital interests of citizens on public policy views, through consultation with the Government, the formation of consensus, the generation of public policies have a positive impact. Citizen participation as an effective means of expression of public opinion, to ensure the scientific and policy aspects of democracy has its unique advantages. Today in the 21st century, China is in the social transition, stakeholder diversity is an important characteristic of this era, civil rights awareness to enable citizens to have more participation in policy-making demands, the traditional policy devising ways and has been challenged, civic participation in policy formulation brings together public opinion, integrating social and public interests, public policy established only on the basis of public opinion was feasible. Government and the people should no longer be ruling and being ruled the relationship between the citizen is the protagonist of public policy, civic participation in policy development is a national authority to a manifestation of social regression, only the establishment of a positive interaction between the political people to mobilize citizen participation in policy-making initiative, in order to ensure the maximization of social and public interests. In this paper, the concept of citizen participation to start, a clear public interest for citizens to participate in the implementation and promotion of social justice an important role in the development of articles of Xiamen PX incident analysis of the status of citizen participation in policy-making, and to propose appropriate predicament cause analysis countermeasures, and strive for our citizens to participate in policy formulation to provide new ideas, not only conducive to the actual operation, but also in line with China's national conditions. Paper is divided into four parts: First, that the citizen participation in policy making practical significance, and summarize research status at home and abroad, for the post of research has laid a theoretical foundation. Secondly, the discussion related to citizen participation in policy-making theories in the text of the application, and citizen participation in policy-making to make value analysis, a clear policy to ensure citizen participation in public policy science, democracy and effectiveness of an important role. Again, the combination of Xiamen PX event indicates our current citizen participation in policy-making processes of the existence of the uneven quality of citizen participation, civic interest expression mechanism is imperfect, political and other aspects of institution building behind plight, and from the cultural, institutional, economic and other level analysis of the reasons causing these difficulties. Finally, our current predicament citizen participation in policy development put forward specific proposals to create a participatory political culture from the establishment of social organizations actively, improve citizen participation system and the application of four levels of the mass media, to improve our offer advice and citizen participation in policy-making suggestions.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Political system and national institutions > Political system > Civil rights and obligations
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