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Study on the Level of Suicide Ideation and Its Influencing Factors among Rural Women of Child-Bearing Age in Shandong Province

Author: KongLingHan
Tutor: ZhengWenGui
School: Shandong University
Course: Public Health
Keywords: Rural Residents Women of Child-bearing Age Suicide ideation Riskfactors
CLC: B846
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 9
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Abstract


BackgroundChina is the only country in the world that the female suicide rate is higher than the male suicide rate. And the suicide rate in rural areas is much higher than that in urban areas. In China, rural women in the child-bearing age not only have to bear all kinds of household chores, but also assume a variety of social labor, they play a variety of roles. Compared to males, social status and family status of females are lower, result them more likely in psychological pressure and acquire less social support. These make women of child-bearing age more tend to negative emotional, physical and psychological diseases, and thus lead to a series of psychological and social problems. Suicide ideation is psychological activity prior to the occurrence of suicide behavior, and it’s one of the risk factors for suicide and has a great predictive effect on suicide behavior. Therefore, it has important practical significance to detect suicide ideation, its influencing factors and then conduct effective intervention for reducing suicide behavior and suicide mortality rate among rural women of child-bearing age.ObjectivesThe purposes of this study are based on rural women of child-bearing age in Shandong Province as the object of study and investigate their basic situation to understand the occurrence of suicide ideation of rural women in child-bearing age and analyze the risk factors of suicide ideation, so as to provide recommendations for the prevention and reduction of female suicide, to reduce the suicide behavior and suicide mortality rate.MethodsThe sample was randomly chosen by stratified cluster-based random sampling method,924copies were collected. Epidata3.0was used to establish the database and SPSS16.0was used to statistical analysis.(1) To descriptive the general situation: mean and standard deviation were used in the numeric data or nearly numeric data; rate and proportion were used in the categorical data.(2) Non-parametric test was used in univariate analysis of the factors for the suicide ideation.(3) Binary Logistic regression was used to explore determines in the multivariate analysis.Main Results1.9.42%of women in child-bearing age were found to have suicide ideation, it prompted that the risk of suicide ideation of rural women in child-bearing age was not low.2. Univariate analysis results showed that the women of child-bearing age with the high age group, discord in family life, self-assessment of physical condition was poor, self-inductance of family economic status was poor; the mental health was poor; patients with breast disease, vaginitis or pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine disease; self-inductance of pressure level was heavy, occurrence of negative life events in nearly a year had a high level of suicide ideation. They are the risk factors for suicide ideation.3. Logistic results showed that self-assessment of economic conditions, mental health, self-inductance of pressure and negative life events are the main risk factors for suicide ideation.Countermeasures and SuggestionsAccording to the results and the actual situations, countermeasures and suggestions were put forward as follows:(1) Personal side:to form good health habits; cultivate an optimistic attitude to life; strengthen communication and exchanges between family members; use legal weapons to protect their legitimate rights and interests; establish a correct life and values.(2) Social side:to give full play to the role of social organizations; various sectors of the community must to devote more humanistic care.(3) Governmental organizations side:to improve the medical and health system, strictly control the sale of poisonous drugs; strengthen psychological consultation and correction services; financial provision for subsidies; vigorously popularize the education; improve the public entertainment facilities in rural areas.

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