Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Impacts of Malocclusion on Oral Health-related Quality of Life among Young Adults

Author: XiaDaHong
Tutor: ChengXiangRong
School: Wuhan University
Course: Clinical Stomatology
Keywords: Malocclusion Dental Aesthetic Index Visual Analog ScaleMalocclusion Oral Health Related Qualityof Life QuestionnaireMalocclusion Incisor classification Oral Health Related Quality ofLifeMalocclusion Oral Health Related Quality of Life Orthodontictreatment
CLC: R783.5
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 51
Quote: 0
Read: Download Dissertation

Abstract


Objective:To evaluate the orthodontic treatment needs in Chinese young adults and the relationship between DAI and self-perceived dental appearance.Materials and Methods This cross-section study included a convenience sample of18.7to24.1-year-old young adults. Traits of malocclusion were examined according to rules of Dental Aesthetic Index. Every subject was required to finish a visual analog scale to report their self-perceived dental appearance. The relationship between DAI and self-perceived dental appearance were evaluated through Pearson linear correlation and Kruskal-Wallis test.Results37.7%subjects were DAI≥31. Pearson r for DAI and self-perceived dental appearance is-0.61. Furthermore, the scores of self-perceived dental appearance were sinnificantly reduced along with increasement of rank of DAI.Conclusions:137.7%subjects were orthodontic treatment highly desireable.2DAI and self-perceived dental appearance were significantly negative correlation, which meaned that DAI could be used in studies about malocclusion related OHRQoL. Objective The aim of present study was to assess the reliability, validity, and applicability of two Chinese version OHRQoL quectionnaires related to malocclusion for young adults.Materials and methods:A simplied and revised CS-OIDP(condition-specific oral impacts on daily performances, CS-OIDP), named FIMQ(functional impacts of malocclusion, FIMQ), and PIDAQ (Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire, PIDAQ) were translated and cross-culturally adapted into Chinese versions. The two questionnaire were completed by296individuals, which belong to the same sample of trial one. The internal consistency, test-retest reliablity and validity were tested.Results1PIDAQ Cronbach’s alpha of the subscales of PIDAQ was between0.71and0.94. Test-retest raliability of PIDAQ ranged from0.90to0.97. Discriminant validity revealed that scores of PIDAQ increased along with increasement of scores or ranks of DAI. Pearson r ranked form0.486to0.655. Kruskal-Wallis tests indicated that there were statistically significant differences between four groups of DAI(P<0.001).2FIMQ There were no statistically differences between prevalence of the first and the second examinations (chi-square test, eating food:P=0.681; cleaning mouth: P=0.840; speaking:P=1).Test-retest reliability of severity were0.850for eating food.0.909for cleaning mouth, and0.923for speaking. Discriminant validity revealed that:1) Prevance of impacts of eating food and cleaning mouth were incleased along with increased of ranks of DAI.2) Severity of impacts of eating food was increased along with increasemeng of rank of DAI.Conclusions1Chinese version of PIDAQ has satisfied reliability and discriminant validity.2Reliability of FIMQ is as good as PIDAQ, but its discriminant validity is not as good as PIDAQ.3Both PIDAQ and FIMQ are useful measure for OHRQoL assessment for young adults in China. Objective:To evaluate the impacts of the incisor position on the self-perceived psychosocial impacts of malocclusion among Chinese young adults.Materials and Methods:This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of17.1-to22.3-year-old young adults (n=1005,548males,457females). The five groups represented were normal occlusion as well as incisor Class Ⅰ, Class Ⅱ/1, Class Ⅱ/2, and Class Ⅲ malocclusion. For clinical assessment, the incisor relationship was evaluated according to the British Standards Institute Incisor Classification.and the self-perception of dental esthetics was assessed using the PIDAQ. The self-perception of functional impacts of malocclusion was assessed using the FIMQ. Statistical analysis involved the analysis of variance and Tuke multiple-comparison post hoc tests(For PIDAQ), and chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis tests(For FIMQ).Results:1PIDAQ Psychosocial impacts were different among the five groups for the four PIDAQ domains (P<0.001for all four domains). Statistically significant differences were found between the four malocclusion groups and the normal occlusion group in all four domains (P<0.001for all four domains). Furthermore, statistically significant differences were found between four malocclusion groups.2FIMQ Functional impacts were different among the five groups both for prevalance and severity. Statistically significant differences were found between the four malocclusion groups and the normal occlusion group in eatin food and cleaning mouth domains about prevalence. There were statistically significant differences between Class Ⅲ groups and normal groups in frequency of speaking. The only domain with statistically significant differences between malocclusion groups was eating food both for prevalence and severity, which was attributed to differences between Class Ⅰ and Class Ⅲ groups.Conclusions:1Malocclusion groups had more severe psychosocial and functional impacts than the normal occlusion group.2Statistically significant differences were also found between the four malocclusion groups for PIDAQ; these malocclusion groups ranked by score, highest to lowest, were Class Ⅲ, Class Ⅱ/1, Class Ⅱ/2, and Class Ⅰ.3The only domain of FIMQ with statistically significant differences between malocclusion groups was in eating food both for frequency and severerity. There were more functional impacts in Class Ⅲ groups, Objective:To test improvement of OHRQoL evaluated by PIDAQ and FIMQ after orthodontic treatment for Chinese young adults.Materials and methods:A convenience sample of18.1-to34.3-year-old young adult patients (n=50,21males,29females.) was invited to attended the present trial. Subjective treatment needs were evaluated with DAI before treatment. OHRQoL were evaluated by PIDAQ and FIMQ before and afer treatment. The scores of DAI, PIDAQ and FIMQ were compared with the results of trial one and two by U test. Pre-treatment and post-treatment were compared by self-paired-sample t test. Results:High proportion of orthodontic group(58.0%) was due to DAI≥31than control group(37.7%). Scores of4subscales of PIDAQ and eating food, cleaning mouth were higher than control group. Frequencies of eating food. and cleaning mouth were higher in orthodontic group than control group, too. After treatment, psychosocial OHRQoL were improved significantly when evaluated by PIDAQ (P<.001). Functional OHRQoL were also improved when evaluated for individual patient.Conclusions:1Worse OHRQoL was found in orthodontic group than control group.2After treatment, psychosocial OHRQoL were improved significantly when evaluated by PIDAQ. Functional OHRQoL were improved when evaluated for individual patient.

Related Dissertations

  1. The Reference Indexes of Clinical Diagnosis Preparation with the Skeletal ClassⅡ Malocclusion in Prepubertal Growth Periods in Dalian,R783.5
  2. Clinical Study of Distalizing Maxillary Molars with the Combination Anchorage of Buccal and Palatal Micro Implants,R783.5
  3. Study of Bolton Index Discrepancy for Skeletal Maloculusion,R783.5
  4. The Study on the Changes of Cranio-facial Bones and Dental Arch in Patients with Class Ⅱ Division 1 Malocclusion Before and after Different Extraction Treatments,R783.5
  5. The Clinical Research of Distalization of Molars by Micro-implant Anchorage,R783.5
  6. A Study on Analysis of Maxillofacial Symmetry in 13-18 Year-old Adolescents in Shenzhen,R783.5
  7. Effect Analysis of Maxillary Molar Distalization on Class Ⅱ Malocclusion,R783.5
  8. Arch Widths in Skeletal Class Ⅱ and Skeletal Class Ⅲ Malocclusion,R783.5
  9. The Changes and the Correlation Ratio between Soft and Hard Tissue in Class Ⅲ Patients Treatded by Bimaxillary Surgery,R783.5
  10. The Positional and Morphological Study on Condyle-fossa in TMJ Asymptomatic Adult Patients with Skeletal Class Ⅲ Malocclusion,R783.5
  11. Orthodontic Society of the United States -based objective scoring system (ABO-OGS) orthodontic clinical outcome assessment,R783.5
  12. The Study of Nasal Soft Tissue Profile for Patients with Class Ⅱ Division 1 Malocclusion,R783.5
  13. Clinical Study on the Treatment of Class Ⅱ Division 1 Malocclusion Adult Patients by Tip-Edge Technique,R783.5
  14. Retrospective Study on Craniofacial Changes of Class Ⅱ Division 1 Teenage Patients with Non extraction and Different Extraction Protocols,R783.5
  15. CBCT Evaluation of Pharyngeal Airway Space Changes in Patients with Skeletal Class Ⅲ after Orthodontics and Surgery Treatment,R783.5
  16. Observation of Treatment with Free-edge Technique in Class Ⅱdivision 1 Malocclusion,R783.5
  17. Primary Study on the Discrepancy of Condylar Position Between Centric Relation and Centric Occlusion for Malocclusion and Its Correlation Factors,R783.5
  18. The Orthodontic Treatment of the Congenitally Absent Lower Lateral Incisor,R783.5
  19. CBCT on the Combined Orthodontic-orthognathic Treatment of Skeletal Ⅲ Deformity in Diagnosis and Therapeutic Evaluation,R783.5
  20. Xi'an class Ⅲ malocclusion type composition analysis of craniofacial,R783.5
  21. The Study on Morphology and Structure of Temporomandibular Joint by CBCT for Angle I, Angle II and Angle III Patients,R783

CLC: > Medicine, health > Oral Sciences > Oral orthotics > Journal of Orthodontics
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile