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Social Capital Perspective government anti-poverty policies quantitative analysis of the performance of

Author: YuHongZhe
Tutor: NieFuQiang
School: Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Course: Technology Economics and Management
Keywords: Social Capital Poverty Policy Performance Production function Quantitative analysis
CLC: F124.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 186
Quote: 0
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Poverty is a global, long-term economic and social problems, both developed and developing countries are difficult to get rid of this problem plagued. China is in transition, the reform and opening up has brought huge economic success, but also led to the restructuring, corporate restructuring, laid-off workers, the widening income gap caused by problems of poverty 'has become the political stability and economic impact can be an important factor in sustainable development. Therefore the Chinese government to take measures to cope with, and achieved considerable success. But with the economic development, needs of the poor are changing, how to make government pro-poor policies with the times, and in the future to achieve more significant results, is China's poverty alleviation work to be the focus of attention. \Existing literature from the basic concepts, measurement methods and indicators and their social, economic performance of different angles of social capital theory in-depth study, it gives us a perspective of socio-economic problems of research and provides a new perspective, so that we social and public issues, public action and public policy understanding and awareness has been further deepened, especially for the study of the current Chinese government anti-poverty policy performance provided a new revelation. At present, China is more concerned about anti-poverty policies by means of social networks and social cooperation and trust among members, and promote the ability to improve poor people out of poverty, and trust, norms, networks and so is the social capital characteristics, this context of social capital for the government the performance of anti-poverty policies have strong explanatory power is. Therefore, this article Perspective of Social Capital, to borrow the analytical framework of economics, combined with physical capital, human capital, the impact of government anti-poverty policy mechanism is analyzed theoretically; Meanwhile, in the embedded social capital production function model is derived on the basis of from the macro level of the three capital brought in anti-poverty policies in effect an empirical test, and for our anti-poverty policies provide the appropriate policy recommendations. The specific content of each chapter and perspectives are as follows: The first chapter is an introduction section. As this article begins, starting with the reality of poverty and anti-poverty and academic research ideas before starting point to understand the theme of this paper and significance; Secondly, this paper outlines the methodology and structure of the chapter explains the settings made; Finally, the research and writing process is expected to be encountered difficult for the statements. Chapter II Research. That is related to domestic and foreign research are reviewed. First, from the social capital that part of the origin, development begins, through sociology, economics definition of social capital in different fields of study compared to select the study of social capital perspective - economic perspective; Second, combing the social capital perspective Research under poverty and anti-poverty policies and social capital performance of the relevant literature, concluded: Social capital and poverty is closely related degree, creating poverty or regional social capital helps to alleviate their poverty, poverty reduction should be the government policy, a strategic direction. However, existing studies in this regard are mostly introductory and discursive writings, and more focused on the micro and meso-level, macro-level discussion and rare, so from the perspective of social capital based on macro-level quantitative analysis of government anti-poverty policies Performance great significance. The third chapter is Social Capital Perspective government anti-poverty policies theoretical analysis of performance. The first part of the macro social capital, poverty, and other government anti-poverty policy defines the concept of performance; and by reviewing the history of the world and our anti-poverty were demonstrated at the macro level and anti-poverty policies based on three capital performance analysis the necessity and feasibility; Secondly, the performance of the government anti-poverty policies in the conduction path and the government's role in this process, carried out a detailed analysis, and divided into two main phases - the government's investment and anti-poverty policies performance stage; Finally, given the anti-poverty policy transmission mechanism of the first stage of the path is relatively straightforward and easy to understand, this paper focus on social capital from the perspective of the impact of the second phase of mechanisms are discussed, including three kinds of capital for anti-poverty policy and the establishment of a direct impact on the substance of social capital, human capital indirectly under the impact of anti-poverty policies, concluded: Chengdu on certain categories of capital will help alleviate or eliminate poverty in our country, especially the poor social capital may in the future developing more potential. The fourth chapter is Social Capital Perspective government anti-poverty policies Empirical test. Theoretical analysis of the previous text of this chapter and production function model approach outlined in the general theory, based on the embedded social capital MRW model the theoretical derivation, has been the social capital into the production function as an independent variable steady-state expression, thereby improving establish appropriate measures empirical model: Then, a brief description of the empirical model surrogate key variables, and data sources, and finally, through the quantitative analysis of time series data and the government's anti-poverty policy performance comparison explore the city and concluded: physical capital, human capital, social capital for improving the performance of anti-poverty policies have a significant role in the contribution of social capital than human capital, physical capital above; And China's rural areas is much higher than urban poverty, inadequate government investment in pro-poor policies, in addition to , the role of social capital in anti-poverty urban and rural areas there are some differences, the government anti-poverty policies should be based on the specific realities of urban and rural areas to be adjusted. Chapter V of research findings and policy recommendations. Firstly, respectively, from the qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis conclusions are summarized conclusions of the full text; Secondly, based on the conclusions of this paper focuses on the social capital perspective put forward the corresponding policy recommendations: Finally, this paper presents the shortcomings and problems to be solved Cheng . Innovation of this paper is mainly reflected in the following three aspects: first, for the first time in more detail from a social capital perspective on poverty, the government anti-poverty, policy performance and other related documents of the sort, as the follow-up study was provided. Meanwhile, according to different disciplines understanding of the concept of social capital, more selection and from an economic point of view on the macro-level social capital has been defined. Second, build a multicultural dimension of capital for government anti-poverty policies theoretical framework for performance analysis, in-depth analysis of the role of government anti-poverty policy transmission mechanism, propose this conduction process is divided into the development and implementation of anti-poverty policies and performance two stage, and how to meet their performance and thus influence policy and government's role in this process were analyzed. Third, from the perspective of social capital, systematically summarized and analyzed the physical capital, human capital and social capital in the government to play a direct role in anti-poverty mechanisms and indirect mechanisms of action, on this basis, combined with the existing general production function model derive social capital into the production function as an independent variable steady-state expression. This production function through macro-level quantitative analysis from three capital impact the performance of anti-poverty policies. This deficiency is that, first, social capital, supplemented by material, human capital analysis of the mechanism of government anti-poverty policies and social capital embedded in the production function model derivation, because of the complexity and personal abilities without the constraints of the interaction of the three capital-depth discussion and distinction. Second, the empirical analysis process on physical capital, human capital and social capital are used alternative indicators cointegration analysis, these indicators are able to truly reflect the characteristics of the three capital for further study, especially for social capital, the current scholars used surrogate has not been a unified standard, and the third, in contrast to urban and rural areas, because of data availability, can not take advantage of the three empirical accuracy between capital and poverty reaction. The above three points are in the direction we need further research. Particular to make is that this research was chaired by Professor Nie Fuqiang National Social Science Fund Project \Social Capital Perspective of the government anti-poverty policy performance management theory and empirical research \

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