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A Study of Social Capital Accounting

Author: MaCheng
Tutor: NieFuQiang
School: Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Course: Statistics
Keywords: Social Capital SNA Stock and Flow Quantity and Value Satellite Accounts
CLC: F032.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 117
Quote: 0
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Abstract


As a new analytical concept and theoretical model, social capital has a strong explanatory power in regional or national economic development. A growing number of scholars are concerned in the study and also made great progress, but so far the social capital theory has still been in immature stage, most of the studies were based on the qualitative methods, and quantitative research was difficult. Now, the commonly recognized measurement of social capital has not been formedAs shows that social capital and physical capital, human capital and other factors are equally important contribution to total value of productions, in 1995 the World Bank firstly proposed that social capital was one of the elements making for actual wealth of countries or regions. But so far the process of national accounts still avoid social capital because of its complexity, which indeed reveals the current system of national accounts requiring further enhancement. But from its methods and results, we realize that social capital accounting might be a new exploring direction of how to measure social capital. This article attempts to carry out the social capital accounting with the guidance of social capital theory and national accounting theory.The main contents of the chapters are as follows:Chapter 1, Introduction. This chapter describes the research background, research significance, the structural arrangements and the research methods.Chapter 2, The review of correlative literature and the concept of social capital this paper adopts. This chapter mainly summarizes the status of social capital research:firstly, we record two definitions of social capital root in sociology and economics respectively, and analyze the views and differences to propose the definition of social capital we adopt. Then we introduce the different methods of social capital measuring in current study and analyze the bugs. Finally, we propose the perspective of social capital accounting. Chapter 3, The theoretical basis of social capital accounting:comparison and reference. To bring social capital into the national accounting framework, the theoretical and methodological support must be sought in the existing national accounts. On the one hand it requires a clear grasp of the economic study which focus on the definition of capital, including capital derived concepts, accounting and national accounting treatment of capitalized so as to further discuses the ’capital’attribution of social capital; the other hand, based on the national accounting principles to the statistic of stock and flow, we carry out the social capital accounting. Finally, after the reference of the current applications of satellite accounts, we choose the suitable methods and adopt it to social capital accounting.Chapter 4, The meaning and classification of social capital in the sense of national accounts. The most important prerequisite of social capital accounting is the deep analysis of social capital concept, this chapter analyzes the ownership and economic benefits of social capital, and discusses the specific asset classes, then according to the unique attributions of social capital, we give a reasonable classification-the reality social capital and potential social capital.Chapter 5, The experiment of social capital accounting. This chapter firstly propose that social capital accounting results from the reality and technical requirements, and then from the value mechanism of social capital we emphasize the micro individual investment behavior, the relationship between the investment generated by the number of physical size to account for the amount of social capital, the economic costs arising from investments to account for changes in the magnitude of value of social capital and build social capital physical quantity and the magnitude of value accounting table.Chapter 6, The initial application of social capital accounting-Based on the reality of data. This chapter emphasizes the importance of stock and flow of social capital, and applies them to Chinese society. Firstly, analyze Chinese special form of social capital, followed by performance-based forms of social capital and social capital perspective on the value system in China to estimate the level of social capital. Finally, compare the results of different methods to conclude that these methods we used can not reach a comprehensive accounting of social capital and effectiveness of final requirements at present and emphasize the significance of established social capital accounting system.Chapter 7,The recommendations and thoughts. This chapter summarizes the achievements of full text and point out the weakness of this paper and further research directions.The innovation are reflected in this article:1, So far, there have been just few studies on social capital accounting and these studies only emphasized the necessity and feasibility of this idea, but did not make specific actions. This article carried through the academic and applied study of social capital accounting with the reference of social capital theory and national accounting theory.2, This paper proposed the idea of building the satellite accounts on social capital The micro-foundation as a starting point mainly emphased on the micro-investment behavior, with the output and input of the investment behavior respectively, we measured the physical quantity and the value of social capital, and formed a coherent process of investment behavior, while also complemented the existing system of national accounts.3,This paper carried out the initial application of social capital accounting, using the data of the reality on two accounting perspective, and proposed again the importance of social capital accounts.In this paper there are inadequacies:Social capital theory is so complex that bring it into the framework of national accounts even more difficult. Accounting for social capital at best can be considered as a simple beginning, the building of Satellite Accounts on social capital is only a preliminary framework, and particularly the account settings are needed further improvement and expansion. At the same time to achieve success for research purposes, some treatments such as depreciation are much coarser than the current system of national accounting. In short, the proposed methodology of social capital accounting remains to be further studied and improved.

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CLC: > Economic > Economics > Capitalist mode of social production > Capital and surplus value > Capital
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