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Study on the Construction and Management of Oil Spill Emergency Team in Xiamen

Author: WangJun
Tutor: ZhuoYue
School: Xiamen University
Course: Public Administration
Keywords: Marine oil spill Emergency response team Building
CLC: U698.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 2
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Our country is a maritime country, the coastline length is over18,000kilometers, having jurisdiction over three million square kilometers of marine area. The protection of the marine environment is of great significance in marine career and economic development in China. With economic development, people’s living standards continue to improve, the quality of the environment is increasing with high requirements,and people pay more and more attention to the quality of society marine environment.Ensure the safety of maritime transportation, protection of the marine environment, prevention of marine pollution from ships, has been an important issue of international concern. With the increasing amount of global oil production and trade, there are more and more major oil spill in the world. As the world’s biggest oil-importing country, China’s annual oil imports more than250million tons per year. The amount of oil transport along the coast has been more than500million tons every year, all kinds of tanker sailing in China’s coastal has reached more than200vessels, the potential of the oil spill risk around coastal waters of China has reached unprecedented heights. Although a tremendous power and energy has been put into the construction of the oil spill, there is a great gap with the ocean economic powers of the world, and in the issues of effectively curbing the pollution of the marine environment and enhance the ability of marine pollution emergency promising, there is a long way to go.As a key part of the team building of the national oil spill, oil spill response teams in Xiamen also growing. However, the long-standing stubborn ills, such as the composition of scattered, fighting each other, do not form a force still exist, it is difficult to deal with large-scale oil pollution incidents. Marine oil spill contingency operations including multiple aspects of maritime salvage, oil spread control, removal, etc., if the division of responsibilities in the oil spill principal response team is not clear, and lack of good coordination and skilled cooperation, there will be incongruous situation between departmental operations after emergenciesBy comparing the domestic and international oil spill response team of mutual relations, in-depth analysis of the management model can be taken in pollution accidents and daily operation, proposed ethics and practice of Xiamen Maritime Oil Spill Response team building, hoping to provide ideas to the building of Xiamen marine oil spill response team.

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CLC: > Transportation > Waterway transport > Waterway transportation management > Security technology > Waters antifouling
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