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Involvement of the PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway in Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Induced Migration of Human Lens Epithelial Cells

Author: XiongZuo
Tutor: TangLuoSheng
School: Central South University
Course: Clinical
Keywords: Posterior capsular opacification PDGF migration oflens epithelial cell PI3K/Akt pathway
CLC: R776.1
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 28
Quote: 0
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PURPOSE Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is caused partially by the migration of lens epithelial cells. To date, the mechanism of the migration is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-triggered signaling pathways and its downstream effectors in the migration of lens epithelial cells.METHODS In vitro scratch-wound healing and transwell migration assays were used to measure the migration of lens epithelial cells. The activation of PDGFRβ, phosphatidylinositol3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen activation protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, the impact of PDGF treatment on the expression of cell protrusion molecules, and the stabilization of β-catenin were measured by western blotting. The translocation of β-catenin was detected using indirect immunofluorescence.RESULTS PDGF was found to enhance cell migration, which depended on the PI3K/Akt pathway. The activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway by the PDGF/PDGFRβ axis induced the upregulation of cell protrusion molecules and stabilization and translocation of β-catenin, contributing to enhanced cell migration. CONCLUSION Data from this study directly linked the central PI3K/Akt pathway to lens epithelial cell migration and pointed to new avenues for therapeutic intervention in PCO.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Ophthalmology > Lens and vitreous diseases > Cataract
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