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An Exploration of the Economy of Contemporary Wudang Taoist Temple

Author: LiXiang
Tutor: LeiXueHua
School: Central South University for Nationalities
Course: Religious Studies
Keywords: Taoism Wudang Taoist temple economy enlightenment
CLC: B957
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 25
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Taoism is the only native religion of China’s four major religions, it has a profoundimpact on all aspects of China’s political, ideological, folk, national character for a longtime. Mr. Lu Xun once said: The root of China Totally in Taoism, this statement fullyaffirmed the status of Taoism in Chinese traditional culture. What’s more, Taoism alsoattracted more and more overseas scholars’ attention and research, with the increase ofoverseas Chinese and the upgrade of influence, overseas Taoists scale will be widen.Taoism went through ups and downs in the long development process, however it didnot bury in the dust of history, but it can burst out a new energy into their environmentin every dynasty. The reasons must be multifaceted, and the most important conditionsthat Taoism could survive and advance with the times are its rich cultural connotationand the needs of the community. The evolution of Taoist thought is a process which treatTaoism as the core, at the same time complement with other’s advantages, and absorbanything and everything from various ideological. In this process, many genres havebeen formed; Wudang Taoism is one of them. Wudang Taoist has enduring thousandyears’ history, it did not adhere to the sectarian divided rigidly. It has served as a royaltemple worshiped by the royal family in history, and many Taoist celebrities practiceand missionary here including YinXi, DuGuangting and ZhangSanfeng. All of themhave left a rich and dazzling cultural wealth forever. Therefore, Wudang Mountain hasbecome the "Holy Land" which save and carry forward the Taoist culture, plus thebeautiful and quiet local natural scenery, Wudang Mountain has become a famoustourist destination overseas. Predecessors to study of Wudang Taoism have focused onthe Wudang culture or Wudang tourism resources, but rarely on the the Wudang Taoisttemples economic research. Besides the function of enlightenment and myths, religionalso has a secular function to the politics, economy and culture. Any religion could notsurvive or development if it separate from the economic foundation. Religion alsoreflects the situation of the social economic life in a certain extent. Academic world hasa lot of economic research about temples, mosques and churches, but the attention to theTaoist temple is relatively small. Wudang Taoist temple has the certainrepresentativeness in the Taoist temples in our country because of its intact andsignificant long history temple. Therefore this article will treat Wudang Taoist templeeconomy as the research object, using religion, sociology research methods, based oncase research of the Wudang Taoist temple, and finally summed up Daoism economiccharacteristics under the background of the new socialist era. By the way this paper will put forward effective suggestions for how to promote the benign and healthydevelopment of the Taoist temples and Taoist how to play the role in promoting theconstruction of socialist harmonious society. The introduction part introduces therelevant research results at home and abroad, distinguishes related concepts and makesreviews. Chapter one makes a brief overview about the history and status quo ofWudang Mount, including the brief introduction of Wudang mountain, the formationand development of Wudang Taoism, Wudang Taoism culture content and theconstruction situation of mount Wudang temple. Above of all, the article completed theintroduction of theoretical background of Wudang Taoist temple economy. The secondchapter discusses the Wudang temple economy situation, including the main income,spending and other industries, at the same time introduce management and of theWudang temple and the Taoist Daily life. On the basis of the fact, this paper surveyTaoist, kulapati and tourists’ perceptions and attitudes of Wudang temple commercialoperation through the questionnaire survey and in-depth interview methods. Base on thecurrent investigation, the construction of Wudang temple Taoist culture get these threekinds of groups’ approval and they could understand commercial religious activitiesunder some limitation, but the closet reason based on the common point is different.Third chapter treats Wudang temple an example and discuss the relationship betweeneconomic development and the Taoism culture, including the positive effect that"autotrophic" economy of modern temple spreading and carrying forward WudangTaoism culture. This chapter includes the present problems of the Taoist templeeconomy. The fourth chapter discusses the problems that how to keep the "sanctity" ofreligious economy and how to make a balance between protecting the temple cultureand the developing the tourism resources under the modern environment with popularcultural tourism and pervasive business model, pervasive. The last conclusion part sumup the full text and the author thinks that the existence of the Taoist economy service theTaoist activities after all because its operation has never been to secular interests, but forthe purpose of keeping the core which can make full use of the material wealth to enrichand deepen the spiritual wealth constantly and make due contribution for theconstruction of harmonious socialism.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Religion > Taoism > Taoist organizations and Taoist
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