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The Research on Popularized Education about Democratic Theory of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics

Author: ZhuHui
Tutor: WuDongHua
School: China University of Geosciences
Course: Ideological and Political Education
Keywords: socialism with Chinese characteristics democratic political theory popularization methods and means
CLC: D61
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 305
Quote: 0
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Abstract


To develop socialist democracy is not only a great historical task in building socialism with Chinese characteristics, but the most vital political and institutional guarantee for realizing socialist modernization and national revitalization. It is clearly stated in the report of the18th National Congress of the CPC that "We should continue to adapt Marxism to China’s conditions in keeping up with the times and increase its appeal to the people, work hard to equip the whole Party with the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics and educate the people in these theories","Since the policy of reform and opening-up was introduced, we have made major progress in developing socialist democracy and opened up and kept to the socialist path of making political advance with Chinese characteristics, thus charting the correct course for achieving the most extensive possible people’s democracy in China". The political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics is the concrete embodiment of Marxist democratic theory in contemporary China. As one of the important contents of Chinese characteristic socialism theoretical system, to publicize the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics is the necessary tendency and inherent requirement for promoting the popularization of Marxism of contemporary China.Starting from the scientific denotation and theoretical source of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, the paper thoroughly elaborates its significance of promoting popularization of the theory, systematically surveys its historical track and experience, and objectively analyzes its status quo. Based on the enlightenment given by learning from foreign political education, it proposes several thoughts on promoting popularization of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics.Under the guidance of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, the paper adopts such methods as literature review, history study and empirical research. Meanwhile, based on the statistics of questionnaires and the relevant analyses, it elaborates on the basic attitude of the general public toward the popularization of the theory, and attempts to have thorough and profound thinking on the promotion of popularizing the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics from diverse perspectives of students, workers and farmers. The paper consists of seventh parts with the specific contents as follows:The first chapter mainly illustrates the researching reasons, significance, status quo, approaches and researching difficulties and innovations, all of which set the orientation of the research.The second chapter focuses on expounding the basic denotations of its popularization. Democracy is part of the superstructure and belongs to the realm of politics. It is bound to serve the economic base. Democracy is a nation’s political system or democratic regime. The political theory of socialist democracy is different from that of western capitalist for it has distinct class nature. The Marxist democratic theory is the basis of our country’s political theory and the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics is the Sinicized Marxist democratic theory. Guided by Marxism, the Chinese Communist Party developed the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics after systematically summarizing a series of unique experience in the long-term Chinese revolution, construction and reform. The popularization of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics is to disseminate the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics to make the public diffusely cognize and approve the political system of socialism with Chinese characteristics.The third chapter centers on the theoretical source of the political theory and the strategic significance of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics. The theoretical base of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics lies in the following elements: Marx’s and Engels’essentials of democracy, Lenin’s and Stalin’s enriching and developing of Marxist democratic political theory, and members of the CPC like Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, their enriching and developing of Marxist democratic political theory on the basis of connecting the theory with China’s national conditions. The internal appeal of the theory consists in its scientificity, nationality and people’s nature. To promote the popularization of the theory is not only the essential requirements for innovation of the political theory on socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, but the fundamental way to transform the theory into practice. It is also a must in promoting the popularization of Marxism of contemporary China, the practical demand of effectively handling the penetration of western democratic ideology, and the demand of times to spontaneously respond to the diverse domestic ideological trends.The fourth chapter systematically surveys the historical track and experience of the popularization of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics. The historical track of the popularization of the theory can be divided into five phases. The first is the primary practice stage in the New Democratic Society, followed by the new exploration stage in the early years of the People’s Republic of China. The next is the tortuous stage in the Cultural Revolution. The last stage is its constant innovation period. Based on the profound analyses of the historical experience in conducting the popularization of the theory, it draws a summary that to promote the popularization of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics must insist on taking the Sinicization of Marxism as the prerequisite. Meanwhile, in the process of popularization of the theory, starting from the national conditions is the foothold, respecting the public is the essential point, as well as popularizing the language and diversifying the form are the effective means.The fifth chapter objectively analyzes the status of the popularization of the theory. It makes analyses from the two aspects of beneficial and adverse factors and comes to the following summaries. The beneficial factors are:systematic advantage of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, great importance attached by the Party Central Committee, and the popularization of modern media technology. The adverse factors are:the imperfection and incompleteness of our political system, the influence of traditional ideology, the penetration of western democratic thoughts and the negative effect caused by the development of modern media. Based on the relevant statistics of the questionnaires, the chapter analyzes the basic attitudes of China’s workers, farmers and students towards the popularization of the theory.The sixth chapter revolves on exploring the enlightenment given by learning from foreign political education. It selects three developed capitalist countries as representatives. They are the US, Germany and Japan. After surveying and analyzing the major contents and main means of their political education, it summarizes the main features of their political education. Great importance is attached to the localization of the imported theories, the covertness of school education, the standardization of family education and the systemization of social education. All the educational forms are enlightening to China’s political education. Furthermore, the chapter makes summary and analysis on the political education of some socialist countries like the USSR, Vietnam and Cuba. The lessons drawn from the political education of the USSR are that it renounces the dominant position of Marxism in its dissemination, advocates abstract humanitarian values and overlooks the political education to the youngsters. Additionally the theoretical research is lagging behind, the teaching contents are empty and the teaching methods are simple. The serious consequences are that many Party carders and the common people lost their belief in Marxism, the western capitalist democratic thoughts gradually became the mainstream ideology, the Communist Party lost its power, the country sank into turmoil and people lived in distress. The enlightenments given by the political education in Vietnam and Cuba are that importance should be attached to connecting the theoretical researches with the country’s national conditions, strengthening the theoretical study of the Party in power and the construction of a clean and honest government, diversifying and flexibility of the teaching methods. Apart from all this, the theoretical propaganda must be in the interest of the general public.The seventh chapter proposes several thoughts on promoting popularization of the political theory of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics in terms of guiding principles, methods, means and rational perceptions. It holds that promoting popularization of the theory must follow the principles:adhering to the guiding position of the Marxism, sticking to the theory’s nationality and nature of times, and ensuring the theoretical orientation in the interest of the general public. The specific methods, such as humanistic care with psychological counseling, mass dissemination with the leading of internet, system guarantee with standard education, can be adopted. As for the means, importance should be attached to conducting multi-level school education, exploring various social activities and valuing family virtue education. At the same time, the general public should constantly improve their correct understanding of China’s political system reform and objectively regard the democracy development. Such departments as governments, schools and enterprises should actively cultivate democracy awareness of the general public and promote people’s democracy through the inner-party democracy.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Revolution and construction in China
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